This article looks at three different attitudes people have towards the Bible: open denial of its truth, covert denial of its truth, or full belief and acceptance of it as truth.
Looking at the battle of the Bible, this article shows that the church has been challenged to confess the inerrancy, sufficiency and authority of scripture. The auther discusses how both fundamentals and modern evangelicals have answered this challenge, calling Christians to have confidence in the word of God.
This second article in a three-part series addresses the issue of inerrancy in the Gospels. Each Gospel reveals an aspect of God's own understanding of the event, and therefore the reader must be very careful with what kind of assumptions he himself may have.
The main dividing point between the Roman Catholic Church and the Reformation was their respective views on Scripture. This article shows that the Reformers did not question the authority of Scripture. Today, this authority is being questioned.
This article shows that the Bible is God’s inspired word. This conviction is essential for the church because the Bible is the foundation to the Christian faith.
Chapter 1 is an introduction to the function and authority of Scripture in the life of a Christian.
The process of God's special revelation—what is here called inscripturation—should be understood in covenantal terms. This article shows how such an understanding shapes the way we view the topic of dual authorship of Scripture and the doctrine of inspiration. It also evaluates the comparison that is made between inspiration and incarnation.
The doctrine of inspiration does not deny the instrumentality of man in writing Scripture. This article argues that the Spirit controlled the writers of Scripture so that they wrote expressly what he desired and yet at the same time were responsible individuals whose personalities were not stifled. It also deals with an objection against this view that attributes fallibility to Scripture due to its human authors.
How did Jesus Christ view the Old Testament? This article looks at Christ's view of the Old Testament in terms of its history, the authority of its teaching, and its inspiration. The article concludes that to Christ the Old Testament was true, authoritative, and inspired. If this is Christ's view, what should be yours?
What should we understand by the authority of Scripture? This article shows that the authority of Scripture rests in God. It defines the basis of this authority, and discusses other authorities appealed to in relation to the authority of Scripture. It then shows what implications this has for the church today.
How is God's authority mediated to man? Morris wants to focus on the authority of Scripture, distinguishing it from the authority of the church.
This article looks at three different perspectives on the inspiration of Scripture: literary inspiration, dictation, and organic. The author shows how we should view Scripture's inspiration, and encourages us that the inspiration of Scripture proves its reliability.
This article looks at four different approaches to the inspiration of Scripture: denying inspiration, believing in partial inspiration, adding something extra to Scripture, or accepting Scripture as the inspired word of God. The author also discusses the relationship between inspiration and revelation, showing what it means to confess biblical inspiration.
This article discusses the authority of the Bible. It considers what makes the Bible authoritative: its inspiration and its author. Further, the article goes on to consider the character of the Bible: it is a covenant document, which means it's about a relationship as well as rules. Finally, the article draws implications that this has for the church.
In this Introduction the author gives a small peek into a broader discussion about the authority of Scripture in evangelical circles of biblical and theological scholars. Beale reacts to what he sees as a reassessment of the traditional evangelical view of the Bible’s inspiration formulated especially in the Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy (1978).
The subject reflected upon in this chapter is the inspiration of Scripture. The authors consider Scripture’s unique claim on its readers and its unique authorship and how this is challenged in the modern age. Particular attention is paid to the school of Princeton and in particular the views of B. B. Warfield on verbal inspiration (plenary inspiration).
Beale reacts to the view of evangelical colleagues that God has inspired all of Scripture in such a way that the marks of human fallibility are woven into it. As background to his argument against such a position, Beale notes that the apostle John was given the same prophetic commission to write the Word of God as Ezekiel was.
The Bible is God’s self-revelation, and is the only authority in His church. God also guides the church in her interpretation of scripture, which should be based on the testimony of scripture itself so that the authority remains with the Bible. This truth goes against the teaching and practice of the Roman Catholic Church.
This article investigates the reasons why Scripture is the hightest authority, above other authorities such as oral tradition, the church, and creeds. The author suggests that the central argument for the authority of Scripture relates to Christ himself. Not only is Scripture an authority; it is the only authority. This is a carefully argued topic, with the word "authority" itself investigated as to its meaning in different ages.
The Roman church has declared that the Protestants are accursed for taking away the Word of God as found in tradition. On the other hand, the Protestants have declared that the Roman church is a false church because it adds human traditions to the Word of God. What must we make of these opposing positions and how must we understand the source of authority for the believer today? The article attempts to answer these questions.
It is important to take note of the human agency through which God gave his inspired Word. The main objection of the author of this article is against those who hold to the view that God dictated his Word to the writers of the biblical text. The author contends that God inspired men to write Scripture, and in turn refers to the way people like David, Moses, and others were involved in the writing of the Bible.
Regarding the authority of Scripture, some have argued that it depends on the Bible's content, and as such, the Bible is inspired only as far as its main message is concerned. This article defends the full authorith of God's Word, which meant for the Reformers that one may preach from any passage with the confidence that it is the inspired Word of God.
Many scholars consider the classic formulations of the doctrine of Scripture to be that of Hodge's and Warfield's. Yet many criticisms have been brought in against their views over the years. Claims have been made that the Dutch Reformed theologians like Abraham Kuyper and Herman Bavinck promoted a “functional” (organic) rather than a “philosophical” (mechanical) method to understand the nature of Scripture.
Morris reflects on the nature of the authority of Scripture. He wants to answer questions like: Does the Old Testament teach that only its general drift is important but not its details? Do the New Testament writers go astray in minor matters but preserve the truth in broad perspective? Do the Bible authors regard the whole of Scripture as reliable and worthy to be called the "Word of God”?
In this interview Beale articulates some of the consequences of denying the inerrancy of Scripture.
Beale addresses the New Testament uses of the Old Testament that appear to have a meaning inconsistent with the original meaning of the original context. Examples are: John 19:36 claiming to be a fulfillment of Exodus 12:46, and Hosea 11:1 in Matthew 2:15. Beale argues that Old Testament writers knew more about the topic of their speech act than only the explicit meaning expressed.
The doctrinal convictions of popular Christianity cannot be ignored when writing the history of doctrine. The author wants to encourage evangelical Christians to become more self-conscious about doctrinal development as an evangelical phenomenon. It is argued that evangelical thinking about the doctrine of Scripture has not remained immune to change.
What is the basis upon which believers must accept the authority of Scripture and the inspiration of Scripture? The author argues that the main basis should be in Scripture's own witness. In the process, the claim by the Roman Catholic church for tradition as a source of authority in the believer's life is refuted based on Scripture.
This article is concerned with the significance of the authority of Scripture as rediscovered by the Reformation. How significant was the recognition of the authority of Scripture? The author defines what we should understand by the authority of Scripture. The author's description emphasizes the non-subjective aspects of Scripture. The relation between divine inspiration and divine authority of the Scriptures is also investigated.
This article provides a series of questions and answers that engage with the authority of Scripture and how it is the only rule of faith and practice. It also considers the Roman Catholic church's view, which identifies Scripture and tradition as the infallible rule of faith and practice. Various points raised by the Roman Church in defence of its position are debated in detail.
This article sounds an alarm regarding the trends that have been taking place in evangelical thinking on the doctrine of Scripture. The author deals with issues like the divinity of Scripture, the agency or instrumentality of man, the infallibility and inerrancy of Scripture, their authority, and their preservation.
This article addresses the doctrine of inerrancy, revealing how this is being increasingly rejected and how it can be defended biblically.
The author surveys twenty-five years of development in the discussions within the Evangelical Theological Society on the nature of Scripture as the Word of God. The aspect that stands in the centre of discussions is the inerrancy of Scripture. Areas surveyed include historical developments, philosophy, theology, criticism, archaeology, and hermeneutics.
The approach of this article to the Scriptures is with the conviction that they mean exactly what they say. However, it is not true that the Bible means nothing more than that. The author grapples with the divine as well as the human element in the Bible. It reflects on how readers can hear what God's timeless message is from any given passage. It is within this context that the article reflects on the significance of "sensus plenior" (the "fuller" sense).
This essay wants to contribute to the discussion about biblical inspiration. Two modern but very different views of biblical inspiration are examined (those of B. B. Warfield and James Barr). Begby argues that despite their strengths both would have benefited from sustained attention to the trinitarian context of the work of the Spirit in inspiration.
The place and scope of induction and deduction in the task of ascertaining the truly biblical view of scriptural inspiration is a feature that has been debated at length. In this article these approaches are explained. The author then attempts to find out whether there is any other option besides strictly siding with one of these approaches.
This third of a four-part series investigates the Reformed doctrine of inspiration, particularly how one comes to recognize that the Bible is inspired.
According to Stonehouse's judgment there is an intimate connection between maintaining the infallibility of Scripture and making progress in the evangelical faith. He argues that the more clearly and consistently the infallibility of Scripture is upheld, the more assurance there will be of genuine advance in the field of biblical and theological studies.
The authority of Scripture should be carefully distinguished from the authority itself and what theologians say about it. On this same subject, one must be clear about the nature and purpose of Scripture, bearing in mind what may be raised as inconsistencies, contradictions, and incompatibilities that may face us. This article is a careful consideration of the doctrine of the inspiration and authority of Scripture.
This first of a four-part series of articles investigates the Reformed doctrine of inspiration.
This fourth of a four-part series investigates the Reformed doctrine of inspiration, particularly its relevance for today.
This second of a four-part series of articles investigates the Reformed doctrine of inspiration.