This article discusses why the Bible is made up of two testaments, and asks the reader what age he belongs to.
One of the areas of Biblical Theology where theologians would disagree among themselves is what if anything constitutes the center (German Mitte) of Biblical Theology. Kaiser reflects on what it is that gives the Bible its unity. He explains how the unity of the Bible is built around the central plan of God.
Kaiser reflects on the old teaching that sees the Old and New Testaments at odds with each other, as if the God of the Old Testament is different from the God of the New Testament. He refers in particular to Marcion who degraded the Old Testament and denied the unity of the teaching between the two testaments.
How is the Bible a unity? The Scriptures makes it clear that God has a unified plan for all of history. God’s ultimate purpose realized in the fullness of time is to unite all things in Christ (Ephesians 1:10). The Old Testament contains God’s promises and covenants. All of these were shadows, prefigurements, and types.
Interpreters of the Bible often work with a concept of dichotomy between the Old and New Testaments. This essay argues for a greater appreciation of the unity of Scripture and refutes a number of false dichotomies. The essay has a number of implications for an understanding of the covenants in Scripture.
In Chapter 1 Vos puts forward his understanding of biblical theology as a theological discipline. He emphasizes the historical character of biblical revelation. The Bible was for Vos far from a series of isolated proof texts; it was for him an organism with a rich diversity that gives unanimous expression to its message of redemption.