When the apostle Paul describes the relationship between God and those who belong to him, he uses different concepts, one of which is "adoption" (huoithesia). He uses it five times: Romans 8:15, 23, Romans 9:4, Galatians 4:5, and Ephesians 1:5. The article explores the origin of the metaphor and then the different aspects of the life with God that it entails.
Adoption as sons is an important motif and theme in the letters of Paul (Romans 8:15, 23, Romans 9:4, Galatians 4:5, and Ephesians 1:5). In this article Burke wants to explore the relationship between the Holy Spirit and adoption in Romans 8. The relevance and importance of adoption for the Christian life are also indicated.
How is the Bible a unity? The Scriptures makes it clear that God has a unified plan for all of history. God’s ultimate purpose realized in the fullness of time is to unite all things in Christ (Ephesians 1:10). The Old Testament contains God’s promises and covenants. All of these were shadows, prefigurements, and types.
If we believe that God works all things according to His will (Ephesians 1:11), and if we believe that His knowledge of all things is perfect, then what is the point of prayer? Or: If God has determined some to be His sons and has chosen them before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4,5), is there then any point in praying for anyone's conversion?