This article is an exposition of John 19:31-42.
The focus of the study is on John 20:12. The author uses the whole of John 19:38-John 20:18 as a basis of his study. He reflects on the possibility to see in John 20:12 an allusion to the ark of the covenant. Lunn finds a number of related allusions in the immediate context. He further explores the theological implications of such allusions from the Torah. Lunn reviews the interpretation of Jesus' words about his ascension in John 20:17.
Beale addresses the New Testament uses of the Old Testament that appear to have a meaning inconsistent with the original meaning of the original context. Examples are: John 19:36 claiming to be a fulfillment of Exodus 12:46, and Hosea 11:1 in Matthew 2:15. Beale argues that Old Testament writers knew more about the topic of their speech act than only the explicit meaning expressed.