This article utters five cautions to consider when discussing what the Bible teaches on gender.
Can the Triune God be used as a model for how men and women should relate? This article evaluates both the egalitarian and the complementarian positions on gender roles. The author shows that within the Trinity there is functional subordination, which flows from existential subordination. Working from this, men and women can be viewed as equal, and yet as having different roles.
The role of women in the church, and in particular the issue of the ordination of women is a world-wide discussion point. We must avoid the notion that we are here confronted with an unprecedented issue in the history of the church. The issue of women’s roles in the church and society is not a new one. This makes it all the more remarkable that the “progressive” reading of biblical texts such as 1 Tim 2:9–15 is a comparatively recent phenomenon.
The syntax of 1 Timothy 2:12 has been the subject of serious scholarly discussion in recent years. Increasingly, It has become clear that before one can apply this important passage on women's roles in the church, one must first determine what it means. In this quest for the meaning of 1 Tim 2:12, the proper understanding of the passage's syntax has had a very important place, especially since consensus on the meaning of the rare word "authentein" has proved elusive.