In this article, the contribution of J. Gresham Machen to understanding the relationship between the church and contemporary culture is discussed. His vision of Christian involvement in cultural life was different from the pietistic and revivalistic otherworldliness of many fundamentalists of his time.
Moore states that debates over gender very seldom have to do just with roles in church offices or roles in the home. It often reflects little more than one’s larger stance in the Christian response to contemporary culture. Moore argues for a counter-cultural relevance of the Christian church. A vision is needed where male headship is understood in the light of the gospel of Christ and the restoration of all things in Christ.