Christ in the Old Testament
This article surveys the Old Testament to show how it it is Christ-centred.
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This article surveys the Old Testament to show how it it is Christ-centred.
What is the whole Bible narrative really about? This article provides an overview of the Bible, showing that Christ is at the centre of it all. It first looks at the shadow of Christ's work in the Old Testament, and then its glorious reality and fulfillment in the New.
Is Christ truly present in all of Scripture? This article considers Christ's instruction in Luke 24:44-49, explaining that all Scripture needs to be interpreted in a Christ-centred fashion.
The Old Testament is often a neglected part of Scripture. The author of this article discusses how the Old Testament is an important part of God’s revelation. The New Testament shows a fulfilment of the Old Testament in the life and work of Jesus Christ.
This article demonstrates in a very simple way how important it is to read all of Scripture as a testimony to Christ. A sampling of texts is given to show how Christ is the ground and goal of everything in the Old Testament.
Is Jesus the promised Messiah? The article lists and shortly explains ten Old Testament prophecies that Jesus fulfilled, which showed that Jesus is the Messiah the Jews were waiting for.
Scripture is about Christ from the beginning to the end. How do you come to see Christ in all of Scripture? This article points to ten ways the Bible speaks about Christ.
Christ-centred preaching starts with your exegesis. This article explains the need and benefits of reading the Bible in a Christ-centred way.
The study of typology in the OT reveals that the shadows functioned to point God’s people to better things to come, promised in Genesis 3:15. This article shows how the believers in the OT understood this promise of the seed.
This article reflects on the messianic character of Malachi 3:1. This study of a familiar problem offers a survey of the interpretative options of the identities involved, evaluates what can be said with confidence, and demonstrates a way forward to read the text from a christological perspective.
In his life the Lord Jesus had to study and understand the Scriptures. How did he read and interpret the Old Testament? This article shows in four ways (in addition to part one of this article) that it was written not only about him, but also to him.
In his life the Lord Jesus had to study and understand the Scriptures. How did he read and interpret the Old Testament? This article shows in ten ways that it was written not only about him, but also to him.
Why does much of the Old Testament seem so foreign to us? This article explains that often we struggle to see that all the events of the old covenant were moving forward to the death and resurrection of Christ. It takes the reader through numerous examples from the Old Testament to illustrate the point.
This article emphasizes the importance of looking for Christ when we read the Bible. It takes its cue from Luke 24:44-45.
This article discusses two principles that are of value when considering how to preach Christ in every sermon: ministers today are ministers of the new covenant, and must exercise hermeneutical completeness. The article follows up with a discussion of preaching Christ in the book of Proverbs.
How should messianic texts be interpreted? Kaiser deals with the shift of many Old Testament theologians' views of messianic interpretation and Christological interpretation of Scripture.
The New Testament's use of the Old Testament is a difficult issue. How should we understand Jesus and his apostles' exegetical method and their presuppositions? Beale reflects on this hermeneutical issue. Related issues like typology are touched upon.
This article examines how the historical books of the Old Testament point to Christ. The author shows that the faithfulness of God anticipates Christ coming, while the failures of the people necessitate Christ's coming. The role of prophets, priests and kings described in the Old Testament also forshadows Christ.
Arguing that Christ is the substance of the Ten Commandments, this article shows how the Decalogue reveals the righteousness of Christ, our need for Christ, and the righteousness we have in Christ. These realities call for ministers to learn how to preach Christ from the law.
This article considers how to preach Christ from OT prophecy, with Malachi 4:5-6 under consideration.
This interview reflects mainly on what biblical theology is emphasizing: a redemptive-historical reading of Scripture.
How we are to harmonize the Old Testament's mention of an "everlasting" ordinance, covenant, possession, and priesthood with the New Testament's lack of continuation of these things? This article demonstrates how Christ gives all these elements their eternal significance.
This article offers three definitions of biblical theology, from Geerhardus Vos, D.A. Carson, and Stephen Wellum.
In this paper, the author reflects upon a number of interpretive principles that the author of Hebrews used in his letter, in particular Hebrews 2. These principles are pastoral/rhetorical, Christological, and contextual principles. The use of the Old Testament receives focused attention since that is where the author’s hermeneutical practice is most evident.
What is redemptive-historical hermeneutics? Johnson argues that it means simply that every part of the Bible teaches Christ. The significance of this interpretation is illustrated by the change that took place in Jesus’ disciples’ understanding of Scripture from before to after Jesus’ resurrection. He further expounds the way the risen Lord read the Scriptures (cf. Luke 24:16-26).
How does the New Testament use the Old Testament? This article first wants to understand Isaiah 53 within its literary context, and next focus on the use of the chapter in the New Testament.
Chapter 1 is a consideration of the theme of preaching Jesus and the gospel from the Old Testament. The author develops his theme by reflecting on John 5:31-47. In this text the importance of Scripture as a witness to the mission of Jesus Christ is unfolded. John refers also to other witnesses: John the Baptist, Jesus’ own works, and the Father. The author continues with a defence of the Old Testament as part of the Christian canon.
What is the Christian approach to the study of the Old Testament? Are there specific characteristics involved in the study? This article surveys a number of features of what he sees as a typical Christian approach to a reading and teaching of the Old Testament.
What is the value of the Qumran scrolls for New Testament studies? Bateman writes from the conviction that such intertestamental books are windows through which we may catch glimpses of various aspects of the world and culture into which God sent his Son. One such text is the Qumran text named Florilegium (4QFlor)3.
How is the Bible a unity? The Scriptures makes it clear that God has a unified plan for all of history. God’s ultimate purpose realized in the fullness of time is to unite all things in Christ (Ephesians 1:10). The Old Testament contains God’s promises and covenants. All of these were shadows, prefigurements, and types.
What does it mean that Scripture is fulfilled in Jesus Christ? Wherein lies the unity of the Bible? Chapter 1 is an exercise in a redemptive-historical approach to an understanding of Scripture in which the stated questions are answered. The author reflects on the significance of Jesus being the image of God in the light of Adam who was first made in God’s image (Genesis 1:26-27).
This article briefly discusses the dating of the Targums. Next, it examines the synagogue tradition common to both to the Targums and the New Testament. The final section of the essay looks at specific examples of similar exegetical practice as applied to messianic texts.
In this chapter Hamilton considers what Biblical Theology is. For Hamilton it is the “interpretive perspective reflected in the way the biblical authors have presented their understanding of earlier Scripture, redemptive history, and the events they are describing, recounting, celebrating, or addressing.”
This article shows how to preach Christ from 2 Samuel 16:1-4.