While The Da Vinci Code is a work of fiction, many people believe it to be truth because Dan Brown makes some claims of truth in the book. As a result, some people now claim that the Bible has twisted the history of Jesus. In the end, the actual truth is confused with fiction, and many other deceptions about the truth. A few of them are outlined in this article.
The author of this article looks at the spiritual background to The Da Vinci Code, noting that Dan Brown was advocating for believers to embrace "pre-Christian" symbols. The religious view he advocates is paganistic pantheism, which generally includes a number of cultic groups and religions including Freemasons, Gnostics, magicians, satanists, and Hinduism.
"Let the buyer beware." This is the warning that is contained in this article for those who would read The Da Vinci Code. Some of the problems pointed out are the twisting of truths with regard to Jesus' alleged marriage to Mary Magdalene, the fallacy of the woman perceived to be Mary Magdalene in Leonardo Da Vinvi's portrait The Last Supper, and the gnostic texts discovered at Nag Hammadi.
It is becoming increasingly difficult to use the word "cult" from a Christian point of view. This is because those who have been lured by the culture of relativism (including Christians) have developed their own definition of a cult, which is identified as a religious group that stands on the truths of the Word of God.
The article handles the important issue of being able to identify false teachings and false religions that lure people from salvation in Christ. Knowledge of Scripture is one good tool and defence weapon against these false teachings. The other is the testimony of the assurance of salvation in the redemptive work of Christ.
This article bemoans the prevailing anti-intellectual trend in today's popular culture as one of the reasons for the rise of cultic groups that lead people astray from true teachings of the Word of God. Other factors mentioned include the hyper-individualistic culture, as well as the coming of the internet. To recover from this, believers must regain the desire and the ability to think, loving God with all their heart and mind.
The author reviews the publication by Steve Chalke and Alan Mann on their view of retributive justice. He rejects their views that God's wrath and punishment have no place in the preaching of the gospel, but rather love. The author emphasizes that the love of God is fully demonstrated in his giving his Son to die for us while we were yet sinners.
Christians are called to contend earnestly for the faith (Jude 3). This is a form of apologetics. Nicole argues that there are three major questions we must ask when confronted with views with which Christians differ strongly: What do I owe the person who differs from me? What can I learn from the person who differs from me? How can I cope with the person who differs from me?
This article discusses the philosophical, historical, and existential arguments that God exists.
An objection frequently raised against the existence of a good God is the existence of suffering and evil. This article shows that this objection has no grounds, because in scripture it is clear that evil and a good God do exist and that this existence is not incompatible. The author shows how through apologetics one can move from this objection to the heart of the gospel.
Satan can deceive us by making us think that our reasoning is independent of Christ and through this autonomy we are able to win people for Christ. This article shows that following such a path is to fall in the hands of the Satan and his craftiness. Apologetics and evangelism are only done in dependence on Christ.
How do you answer doubts and opposition to the gospel? This article explains that there are two wrong ways of responding to opposition: change the gospel or pounce on any opposing view. THe article also offers the right way of addressing opposing views: respond to the gospel yourself, which will impact your posture towards objecting views in a number of significant ways.
Is apologetics good? This article gives seven reasons why the discipline is good.
In apologetics, it is important to show how Christ fits within the unfolding story of salvation from creation to new creation. This article gives an overview of the story from creation to the new creation, and explains how this story puts into perspective issues such as the reliability of the Bible, suffering, and pluralism.
Christians will be called to defend the faith. How do you defend your faith in public? How can you engage in evangelism? This article explains the temptations facing Christians when it comes to defending their faith, the reason for this defense, and the manner of defending the faith on the basis of 1 Peter 3:15.
This article defines and explains what presuppositional apologetics is.
This article looks at the sixth tenet identified in Covenental Apologetics, written by Scott Oliphint. The author discusses how there are two kinds of people: those who are in Christ, and those who are in Adam. This understanding of man's position is unique to Reformed apologetics, and has implications for the practice of apologetics.
This article discusses the fifth tenet identified in Covenental Apologetics, written by Scott Oliphint. Looking at the text of Romans 1:18-21, the author shows that all people know God, and this knowledge entails covenental obligations. The author discusses what this means in relation to apologetics.
How should we practice apologetics with unbelievers? This article discusses how we can share the gospel with those who remain dead in Adam instead of alive in Christ.
This article shows how the link to the covenantal heads constitutes the antithetical view to life. Individuals are connected either to the first Adam or the second Adam - Christ Jesus. This connection shapes the practice of apologetics for Christians. The author discusses the antithesis from Romans 5:12-21.
This article looks at the relationship between apologetics and the use of Scripture.
What are life's ultimate questions? These questions are different, from the Bible and the world. This article discusses such questions from the Bible.
Should philosophy be eschewed in the church? If the church does, Moreland argues, believers will then continue to speak largely to themselves. In this essay, he aims to clarify the nature and tasks of philosophical apologetics, identify in the contemporary culture areas where the church need to focus its attention as a community, and offers some brief remarks about a strategy for the future.
Can we argue for the existence of God? This article attempts to deal with the arguments used by atheists in their use of science to argue that God does not exist. It uses the evidentialism method to show that since a person feels guilty, has a sense of absolute justice, has a sense of the dignity of mankind, an appreciation of the beauty and design in nature, then it is possible to argue for the perception of the existence of God.
This article discusses the major works of B.B. Warfield, a reformed scholar who specialized in apologetics.
Looking at the relationship between positive apologetics and negative apologetics, this article shows that positive apologetics does not have room in the Christian faith since the word of God is self attesting, while negative apologetics on its own is not sufficient to stand the ground. The author of this article calls for offensive apologetics as a way of confronting unbelievers, since it has room for the use of evidence.
Looking at the relationship between evidentialism and presuppositionalism and their views on the place of evidence in Christian apologetics, this article shows that dividing apologetics between the two schools does injustice to apologetics. The author maintains that the study of apologetics should be seen in light of salvation history, which can yield new possibilities for practicing apologetics.
This article is about defending the faith and the self-deception of the unbeliever. The author talks about the self-deception we find in this world, and then looks at what Scriptures says about self-deception, especially Romans 1:18-32. The author then continues to look at how we should confront self-deception and the concludes with some remarks on 1 Peter 3:15.
In this article McGrath argues for the importance of apologetics in contemporary mission to a post-modern world. He also raises concerns about the weakness of much modern evangelical apologetics. Making use of the apostles’ speeches in Acts he highlights the importance of knowing our audience before showing the importance of theology in apologetics.
This article considers 1 Peter 3:15 and its call for Christians to always be ready to make a defence of their faith. The article stresses the importance of knowing your opponent, and having a basic understanding of philosophy, a handmaiden to theology.
This article offers an evaluation of presuppositional apologetics, giving reasons why the author deems it the best model: it is consistent with the nature of man and salvation, it argues in accordance with reality, its own presupposition remains consistent with its epistemology, and it puts on display the glory of Christ.
This article is an apology for the value of truth. Truth matters for Groothuis. He seeks honesty when dealing with truth for apologetic purposes. In this article he first explores the relationship of truth, self-deception, and personal virtue. He further considers the role of humility in the quest for truth and warns against the vice of intellectual apathy.
This article explains Cornelius van Til's method of critiquing human thought. Van Til used a method called transcendental critique, which seeks to get to the root of an individual's argument. Transcendental critique attempts to find out why an individual maintains a certain position. This technique can be useful for apologetics.
This article tackles the objection raised against convenantal apologetics which rejects scripture's self-authenticity. The author examines the claim that scripture requires a form of reason to establish its authenticity, and finds that looking for this outside scripture is to make man the authority.
Showing that the classical apologetic method of presenting the gospel to unbelievers cannot be relevant anymore, this article calls for a new way of presenting the gospel in our postmodern age. Postmodernism, with its unbelief in absolute truth and stress of subjectivism, presents the church with new challenges to doing evangelism.
The purpose of this volume is to provide primary sources from important authors with an apologetic concern. Chapter 1 provides an excerpt from Martin Luther, Concerning Christian Liberty (or On Christian Freedom), written in 1520. This work extols one of Luther’s central theological themes: justification by grace through faith. The excerpt is preceded by an introduction to the historical and theological context in which the work of Luther appeared.
The shroud of Turin occasions interest every now and again. This paper focuses on four areas of interest around the shroud: its history, its relationship to biblical references of burial practices, its possible correlations to the historical Jesus, and its possible function as evidence for Christ's resurrection.
What is the relation between faith and reason? Through giving an answer to this and other questions, Oliphint wants to provide a biblical foundation for apologetics. A discussion of John Calvin’s understanding of the twofold knowledge of God (Lat. duplex cognitio Dei) and awareness of divinity (Lat.
Ramm's thesis in this essay is that the fundamental theistic belief of the Bible is laid in the Old Testament, and whoever wishes to formulate a biblical theism must start there. The basis for a Christian apologetic must be found in the Old Testament.
This article encourages Christians to practice positive apologetics. Christians can set the terms for debating the faith, thus giving a positive defense of the faith - this is positive apologetics. In this article, the author discusses objections raised against Christianity, focusing on objections based on epistemology, Bible criticism, science and ethics.
This article encourages Christians to practice positive apologetics in evangelism. Christians can set the terms for debating the faith, and they can give a positive defense. This article gives arguments that can be used to build such a positive apologetic of the faith and which support belief in God and His Word.
Contemporary western culture has become very subjective. How can Christians continue to practice evangelism in such a culture?
Groothuis' conviction is that Blaise Pascal’s apologetic orientation is still useful to the church. He starts his argument from the point of the human condition. It is appealing in a psychologized and individualistic culture. Groothuis first notes Pascal’s treatment of the contradictions (greatness and misery) of humanity, then his explanation for this human condition, and finally the form of Pascal's argument.
Edgar introduces his readers to the apologetics of Cornelius van Til, who was one of the original apologists of the twentieth century. His approach to apologetics has become known as presuppositionalism. Edgar further provides an overview of the most prominent characteristics of Van Til’s method of apologetics.
What is the relationship between revelation and reason in apologetics? What is the role of revelation when biblical veracity itself is under attack? These concerns are major aspects of this chapter. The basic argument of this chapter is that the apostle Paul’s gospel of the resurrection functions as proof of final judgment in Acts 17:31. Paul’s argument depends on revealed categories derived from redemptive history.