This article outlines the different views on justification that divide the Reformed and Catholics.
The article deals with the main aspects of differences between the Roman Catholic, the Lutheran, Reformed (Anglican), and the Baptist views on the presence of Christ in the bread and wine of the Lord's Supper. The Catholic view is transubstantiation, while the Lutheran view is consubstantiation. The Reformed view is that of the real presence of Christ, without the need to identify his physical body in the Supper.
The author gives a short discussion of the problem of evil, especially from a biblical perspective. In the discussion, the author deals with the church's description of it as privation and negation as well as (actual) privation. Despite its existence, the believer is expected to experience it and come out of it victorious.
How can God be just by counting us guilty based on the fall into sin? This article looks at three theories that attempt to answer this question: the mythical view that treats that story of the fall as a myth, the realism view that claims that mankind actively sinned with Adam, and the federal view which shows that original sin does not refer to the first sin but to the result of that first sin because Adam acted as our representative.
The author explains that God should be understood as a monarchical God (one ruler) while on the other hand can be understood as the Triune God. One therefore has to correctly understand the distinctions between the persons (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) as well as the lack of distinction in their essence.
This article makes use of the method called "via negativa" (the way of negation), which is a way of defining things by stating what they are not. Some of the statements made in this article are that Reformed theology is not a set of disconnected ideas, but is systematic; Reformed theology is not anthropocentric, but theocentric; it is not anti-catholic, where "catholic" refers to catholic Christianity.