Was John the Baptist the fulfillment of the promise of Malachi 3 and Malachi 4 concerning the prophet who was to come on the day of the Lord? Kaiser offers a hermeneutical solution to this question as a generic fulfillment, meaning that Elijah has come "in the spirit and power" witnessed in John the Baptist, and will yet come in the future.
In this article Harvey makes a distinction between the "with Christ" and "in Christ" motifs as used by the apostle Paul. In studies when the "with Christ" concept is addressed, it is frequently associated with Paul's eschatology. This essay wants to examine the available data and reach some conclusions about how Paul uses the phrase.
How does a historian need to view supernatural events or miracles? This article argues for the historicity of the miracles and surveys some of the difficult passages in this regard: Mark 4:35-41, Mark 6:32-44, Mark 11:12-14, and John 2:1-11. Blomberg also asks the question whether Matthew 17:27 functions as a pure metaphor.
This article continues the argument that certain Old Testament and early Jewish references to a temple form the background for the Holy Spirit appearing as of fire and associated features in Acts 2. It examines a number of Old Testament citations in Acts 2 in order to determine whether or not they relate to a temple theme.
In this article, Richard Bauckham addresses the question: What was Jesus' overall intention in His ministry? What was He seeking to achieve?
What exactly did the Lord Jesus mean when he spoke of the cup he had to drink? This article examines what the Old Testament prophets foretold about that cup, and its impact upon the soul of the Lord when he made mention of it.
This article gives three reasons why the miracles of Jesus are still relevant today: they show that he is fully God, fully human, and the one and only Messiah.
Different New Testament writers may employ the same theme in a very different way. This essay explores this reality in Paul (Romans 4 and Galatians 3), James 2, and Hebrews 11. Different circumstances called for a different application. The function of the theme of the faith of Abraham in three different authors is explored.
This article explains the origin, authority, and function of the apostles.
The popular understanding that "latter-days" refers only to the end of the world needs radical adjustment. Beale demonstrates how “inaugurated eschatology” sheds light on a Christian understanding of the end times. The theological idea of the relation of the indicative to the imperative in the New Testament is used to enhance such an understanding.
Looking at Matthew 16:18, this article looks at the significance of Jesus changing Simon's name to Peter. This renaming had a significant meaning, like all other renamings in the Bible. However, its significance is not in the way that the Roman Catholic Church claims, which maintains that Peter was the first pope. This interpretation lacks evidence from scripture.
This is a biblical meditation on the faith and obedience of Mary of Bethany.
In the time of Christ olives had economic, health, and spiritual uses. This article discusses the significance of biblical references to olives.
Why did John the Baptist need to live on a diet of locusts and wild honey? This article suggests it was to symbolize his special role in redemptive history.
This article explores the thesis that the healing miracles of the Lord Jesus are really spiritual parables for us. It offers five observations, drawn from Herman Ridderbos' The Coming of the Kingdom, about what the miracles teach us, concluding with the note that Jesus took the sickness of his people upon himself at the cross.
This article considers the theological significance of two garden settings in which Christ carried out his redemptive work: the Garden of Gethsemane and the Garden-tomb. Since the first Adam was called to guard and keep the Garden, and failed, the second Adam was called to do the same—and he succeeded. This article draws the redemptive-historical line from the first garden to the final garden, showing how Jesus is the heavenly gardener and we are a garden to God.
This article considers ways in which the parables of the Lord Jesus should and should not be read.
This article explains the meaning and significance of the Mount of Olives in Scripture. It suggests that this is the location where Christ was crucified.
Paul's use of the expression "in Christ" or "in the Lord" has received a great deal of attention in the past century. His use of this formula has implications for his understanding of the person and work of Christ, the Bible's teaching on salvation, what we believe about the return of Christ and the Christian life.
This article compares the recorded teachings of Jesus to what is now known about the teaching of rabbis in the first half of the first century. The author looks at three examples: prayer, divorce and earthly rewards. Knowledge of the Rabbinic teachings is used to illuminate the meaning of the recorded words of Jesus.
Davie was requested to give an Evangelical response to the ARCIC document "Mary – Grace and Hope in Christ". He here offers a helpful introduction to the report’s contents and central conclusions. Davie highlights seven elements in it that Evangelicals could welcome. However, he also notes problems with its argument and, in particular, its claims to have made advances in agreement in relation to the Marian dogmas that divide Anglicans and Roman Catholics.
The societies featured in the Bible almost all practiced some form of slavery. When we understand the background to the economic and social life of those societies, whether slavery, marriage or land ownership, it can illuminate the practical and theological implications of the text. This article brings together some of the recent debates and conclusions focusing, particularly on slavery in the New Testament, giving particular attention to Paul’s letter to Philemon.