Matthew 16:18 – Building the Church
This article is an exposition of Matthew 16:18.
Addressees and Author of James
This article discusses the various possibilities for the authorship and addressees of James.
The Dew of Heaven
This article shows the significance of dew in Scripture. It was a symbol of blessing, the resurrection, and the ministry of God's people in the world. Also, it is associated with baptism and manna.
Zechariah 5:2 – The Flying Scroll
This article explores in some detail the significance of the flying scroll in Zechariah 5:2.
Daughters of Zion
This article considers the portrait of the daughters of Zion in Isaiah 3:16-24.
What Is a Priest?
This article seeks to show the unifying element of the different activities of a priest in the Old Testament. It argues that a priest was an administrator of the royal household.
Locusts and Honey
Why did John the Baptist need to live on a diet of locusts and wild honey? This article suggests it was to symbolize his special role in redemptive history.
Toledoth and the Structure of Genesis
This article discusses the structure of Genesis, commonly known as connected to the ten uses of the word toledoth, "generations."
Romans 8:31-39 – Hymn of the Justified
This article offers an exposition of Romans 8:31-39.
The Tragedy of Asa
This article considers how the reign of Asa began well but took a bad turn and ended poorly.
Thomas and Us
What are your thoughts on the disciple Thomas? This article suggests that he was the first of the Twelve to enter fully into Easter faith.
Footstool of His Feet
This article concentrates on the theological significance of the kapporet, the mercy seat. It shows how its symbolism is important background for understanding the Day of Atonement.
1 Chronicles 12 – Help
This article shows how the theme of help is central to the account in 1 Chronicles 12.
Proverbs 3:1-12 – Do Not Forget
This article is an exposition of Proverbs 3:1-12.
This article explains the relevance of the gatekeeper in Scripture, especially from the account in 1 Chronicles 9:1.
Pilate the Kingmaker
This article shows how the mockery that the Lord Jesus faced in Matthew 27 was a way to reveal the truth about him, a fulfillment of prophecy.
No Sabbath for God
This article discusses the ending of Isaiah 61, where the Lord promises a new name for Zion, and a second wedding. The Servant of the Lord, as well as all God's people, are to refuse to rest and allow God to rest until Zion enjoys a complete restoration.
A Child Is Born
This article considers the warnings from the Lord in Isaiah 5 and Isaiah 9, and the reversal that will come because of the birth of a child. The author shows how the sequence of judgments in chapter 9 is a sacrificial sequence.
Revelation 16 – Inverted Atonement
This article shows how the atonement text in Revelation 16 is an inverted atonement text.
Isaiah 6 – To an Unclean People
This article considers Isaiah's vision of the Lord in Isaiah 6.
The Death Penalty in the Mosaic Law
This article discusses the issue of the death penalty in the Mosaic Law, and the way Christians are to understand these laws.
By the Spirit
This article investigates the significance of Pentecost for the church, with due consideration given to 2 Corinthians 3.
Keep the Fast, Keep the Feast
This article considers the exercise of fasting, and its connection in Scripture to feasting. It dwells on Adam's original fast in the garden, and how that was intended to prepare him to enjoy the banquet to come.
The Prodigal and the Cross
Should we expect the Lord Jesus to include a substitutionary atonement theory in every one of his parables? Not at all, contrary to what liberal theologians have suggested by their criticisms of the parable of the prodigal son. This article shows at the same time how the atonement is a series of historical events, and not simply that of the cross.
James 5 – Ought We to Anoint the Dying?
This article considers James 5:14-15 and the issue of anointing the dying. The author makes a case for why we should still have this practice today, even if it's not a sacrament.
Matthew 24 – The Least of These
This article highlights the theme of Jesus as prophet in the Olivet Discourse in Mathew 24.
James 1 – Baptismal Imagery
This article considers the possibility of baptismal imagery in James 1:21.
Deuteronomy 8 – A Good Land
This article shows by way of chiasms that Deuteronomy 8 has at its heart a description of the good land that the Lord is giving to Israel.
John 17 – Gift of Glory, Gift of Unity
This article considers the high-priestly prayer of John 17, particularly the expression of mutual indwelling of the Trinity, and of Jesus' reference to himself receiving glory and passing it on, and the unity that issues from this.
Why Genesis Matters
This article explains why the first chapters of Genesis are important. It offers a God who speaks and is interactive in time. Human beings are placed in this harmonious world to rule as images in God's cosmic temple.
Parenting in the Spirit
This article explains how it is the Holy Spirit who is the divine agent for renewing the family. So the author urges parents to be diligent in prayer, and demonstrate the fruit of the Spirit.
Isaiah 66 – Saving Judah
This article looks at Isaiah 66 to see what has changed in the course of Isaiah's prophecy and what it all means. The ministry of hardening in which Isaiah was involved was also Jesus' ministry, in which a remnant was yet being gathered.
The Gospel of Genealogy
This article discusses the gospel that is there in the genealogy of Adam. It gives thought particularly to the children mentioned in Genesis 4, such as Cain and Seth.
Jacob and the Stone
This article outlines the redemptive-historical significance of wells in Scripture.
Women at the Cross
This article discusses how the women at the cross of Christ become models for every disciple.
Revelation 2:17 – White Stone
This article offers an explanation of the meaning of the "white stone" in Revelation 2:17.
A Theology of Festivity
This article explains the concept of appointed times in the Old Testament feasts.
Names of the Sanctuary
This article discusses the biblical terms and phrases used for the tabernacle in order to provide some insights into its nature and function.
Isaiah 60 – Light of the Nations
This article considers the prophecy of Isaiah 60, and the promised light that will dwell in Israel yet attract the nations of the earth.
Matthew 11:1-19 – What Tune Is Playing?
This article takes a close look at Matthew 11 within the context of the book as a whole in order to assess the answer to the question of what kind of tune is the Lord Jesus referring to in verses 16-17.
John 17 – God in Man, Man in God
This article considers the Lord Jesus' prayer in John 17. It discusses the perichoresis, or mutual indwelling, of the Trinity, and how the church is incorporated into that communion of the Father and Son by the Spirit.
Matthew 13 – The Kingdom of the Parables
This article looks at the parable of the wheat and tares in Matthew 13, and argues that the Lord Jesus is talking primarily about the history of Israel that climaxes in his own ministry.
Matthew 1 – Son of David, Son of Abraham
Isaiah 11:1 – Branch and Root
Revelation 1:4-5 – Benediction
This article offers an exposition of the benediction in Revelation 1:4-5.
Isaiah 57 – Where God Lives
This article considers the depraved state of Judah in Isaiah 57, and the great mercy of the Lord in drawing near to them anyway.
Everything Concerning Himself (Part 2)
This article reveals how the Old Testament moved toward the incarnation of Christ. In part it does so by showing the failures and disappointments of all earlier messiahs, saviors, and sacrifices. Also, the Old Testament reveals the character of the Lord himself, that he is coming do to be with his people, and also to suffer over and with his people.
Everything Concerning Himself (Part 1)
This article illustrates that the Old Testament is to be read from a Christological perspective, as Christ himself also taught in the New Testament (e.g., Luke 24). It shows how New Testament Christology is built on analogies between Jesus and Old Testament saints.
Idolatry and the Reformation
This article discusses a fundamental component of the Reformation: the purging of idolatry. The solution was a high Christology with a high view of the sacraments.
Authority That Gives
This article discusses from Isaiah how authority can be exercised well. The Lord's king will rule with justice, and as a result there will be healing of the people.
Galatians 3 – The Blessing of Abraham
This article shows that the reference in Galatians 3 to Abraham hearing the gospel when the Lord promised to bless all nations through him has to do with the Holy Spirit. The author explains that the promise to Abraham was a promise that included the Holy Spirit.
Leviticus 9:2, 8 – The Calf of the Purification Offering
Why does Leviticus 9:2, 8 legislate the offering of a calf (Heb. 'egel) for the purification offering? This article offers several possibilities.
God Most High
This article shows how the title "God Most High" (El Elyon) often has a Gentile context in Scripture. It also points out how though the Lord is uniquely Most High, there are several places where others are said to participate in his exaltation.
Exodus 1 – Midwives of a New Israel
This article focuses on the mention of women, especially midwives, in Exodus 1 and Exodus 2. The way of Moses has been prepared by the actions of women, which is ultimately an outworking of the promise in Genesis 3:15.
Romans 6:17-18 – Committed to the Form of Teaching
This article offers a study of Romans 6:17-18, particularly the Greek word tupos, "type." It shows the possible Old Testament background to this word.
Zechariah 6:13 – The Counsel of Peace
What is the counsel of peace mentioned in Zechariah 6:13? This article looks at the passage in its context, and concludes that it is a reference to the new covenant.
This article explains the ways in which the sacraments are efficacious by virtue of participation in them. The Lord's Supper is a means by which the church manifests itself as one body, and baptism effects membership in the church and displays the shape of the church and its position over against the world.
2 Kings 2:23-25 – Suffer the Little Children
This article considers the story of Elisha's cursing of forty-two "little children" in 2 Kings 2:23-25. The author suggests that these were actually the officials of the idolatrous shrine of Bethel.
Zechariah 1:1-6 – The Eighth Month
This article discusses the importance of the reference to the eighth month in Zechariah 1:1-6.
2 Timothy 3:14-17 – Which Sacred Writings?
To which sacred writings was Paul referring to in 2 Timothy 3:14-17? This article suggests that they were more than the Old Testament; the author advances the thesis that Paul was talking about New Testament writings as well.
The Rock That Followed Them
This article considers the Old Testament background to Paul's mention in 1 Corinthians 10:4 of the rock that followed the Israelites in the wilderness. The author suggests that Paul was simply reflecting on the records of the Old Testament instead of a Jewish tradition.
The Footstool of His Feet
This article explains the theological significance of the cover of the ark of the covenant, and how it served as the Lord's footstool. The article shows the significance of the footstool in Scripture. Finally, a word about the footstool's redemptive-historical significance is offered.
The Structures of Ruth
This article identifies a series of patterns in the book of Ruth, which starts out with a host of "lacks," all of which are filled in the course of the book. The book indicates, however, that the author was concerned with God's dealings with Israel as a whole, and not just the individuals in the story.
This article shows how the early chapters of the Gospel of Luke present the Lord Jesus as a second Samuel. The author illustrates this from especially the annunciation narrative and the prophetess Anna.
Umberto Cassuto and the Documentary Hypothesis
This article shows the contribution that Umberto Cassuto made to critiquing the Documentary Hypothesis.
The Ecology of the Tribute Offering
This article discusses the grain offering or cereal offering, noting its usage. The article then discusses the perspectives that the offering provides on biblical economics and ecology. It is a liturgical expression of the biblical theology of ownership and property. It is also related to human labour, and the author shows several important truths that emerge from this relationship.
Leviticus 1:6 – Skinned and Cut
This article considers the directions for preparing the burnt offering in Leviticus 1:6. It offers redemptive-historical notes on the significance of the skinning and cutting of the offering.
Matthew 4:12 – Galilee of the Gentiles
This article considers Matthew 4:12, which mentions that the Lord Jesus withdrew to Galilee where he spent much of his ministry. The author attempts to establish a deep connection between the prophecy in Isaiah 9 and its fulfillment in Christ having his ministry in the land of Zebulun and Naphtali.
Matthew 2:23 – He Shall Be Called a Nazarene
This article explains the fulfillment formula in Matthew 2:23, that Jesus would be called a Nazarene. The author contends that there is a connection between the humiliation of living in Nazareth and Jesus' fulfillment of a Nazirite vow.
Gold, Incense, and Myrrh
This article shows that the gifts of the magi for the infant Jesus, recorded in the infancy narrative, were not only kingly gifts but also priestly gifts. The article then discusses the import of the three gifts.
2 Kings 19:29-31 – Hezekiah's Sign
What is the meaning of the sign given to Hezekiah in 2 Kings 19:29-31? This article advances the idea that the sign was a prophecy of the return from Babylon, and thus of the coming of the new covenant.
Revolutions in Worldview – Medieval Theology and the Roots of Modernity
The goal of this volume is to present the worldview characteristic of different periods of Western thought. Chapter 5 explores the life and worldview of the Middle Ages in Christian Europe. This culture was united by a single worldview infused with Christianity.
For Whom is Worship?
Why do believers gather in church for worship? In worship, God bestows His grace and blessings on believers.