This article considers the depraved state of Judah in Isaiah 57, and the great mercy of the Lord in drawing near to them anyway.
"The fruit of the Spirit" in Galatians 5:22 appears to be a general allusion to Isaiah's promise that the Holy Spirit would bring about abundant fertility in the coming new age. Isaiah's repeated prophecies (especially Isaiah 32 and, above all, Isaiah 57) that in the new creation the Spirit would he the bearer of plentiful fruitfulness, are at the forefront of Paul's usage.
This article continues the argument that certain Old Testament and early Jewish references to a temple form the background for the Holy Spirit appearing as of fire and associated features in Acts 2. It examines a number of Old Testament citations in Acts 2 in order to determine whether or not they relate to a temple theme.