This article speaks to the bodily character the sacrament of baptism. In doing so it addresses the phraseology of some, that baptism is our act of obedience or the expression of our faith. It reiterates how baptism addresses itself to the objectivity (not subjectivity) of our body, and it uses Romans 6 to do so, showing that the primary NT paradigms of baptism—death and resurrection—present the objectivity of the body, and are prospective, rather than retrospective.
This article explains the ways in which the sacraments are efficacious by virtue of participation in them. The Lord's Supper is a means by which the church manifests itself as one body, and baptism effects membership in the church and displays the shape of the church and its position over against the world.
The author attempts to answer the question of the title of this article by dealing with the basis of baptism, and specifically infant baptism, as understood from the Presbyterian view. The main points of the arguments include baptism as established by the Lord Jesus, and its relation to the covenant of circumcision in the Old Testament.
How does baptism relate to regeneration? To answer this question this article draws from the Greek Patristic sources, Reformed confessions on the meaning of baptism, and the reference to Ezekiel 36:25-27 in John 3:5 and its implications for understanding baptism. The article also looks at the relationship between baptism and regeneration, and the place of infant baptism and its meaning.
How does baptism relate to regeneration? To answer this question this article shows that "sacramental realism" was a basic part of the Old Testament ceremonial system. Then it shows how the New Testament discusses baptism with terms and ideas from the Levitical ceremonies. Finally, it gives thought to baptism and union with Christ.
How should we understand the word baptism? This article looks at the meaning of the word baptism in the New Testament by tracing its history from the Old Testament, Jewish history, to the New Testament.
In New Testament studies there often is a search for a non-messianic Jesus. This essay, however, suggests that the essential and distinctive characteristic of Jesus is to be found in his authority (Greek, exousia"). The author argues that "authority" as used by Mark derives from the authority of God that Jesus receives at his baptism. This authority is linked to Jesus' unique confidence to act on God's behalf.
Baptism is rooted in God's promise in the covenant. This article shows the relationship between circumcision and baptism, the relationship between the symbol and the reality of the thing signified, and the relationship between faith and baptism.
With whom was the covenant of grace made? The covenant of grace was made with Christ as the second Adam, and in him with all the elect as his seed. In baptism God proffers to our children the truth and promise of the gospel - a truth which is accomplished through the work of Christ and applied by the Spirit, according to God's election and his enabling us to respond in faith.
Should parents who do not send their children to catechism classes be disciplined? The author shows that this has been a conviction in the history of the Reformed Churches. He shows the need for catechism and the benefits it has for the church. The author maintains that instruction in the Heidelberg Catechism is linked to the promise parents make to their children at their baptism.
This article discusses whether immersion into water is necessary for baptism, as is maintained by the Baptist church. The author provides a brief summary of baptisms in the Old and New Testament, and discusses some of the concerns Baptists may have regarding the sprinkling of water instead of immersion into the water.
Most discussions on infant and adult baptism focus on the role of faith. This article looks at this discussion from another angle, addressing the question: when is the grace that is symbolized in baptism given to the individual? The author shows that adult baptism sees it to be given in the past, whereas infant baptism is a promissory seal of grace to come.
Does the New Testament commands us to baptize children? This article shows that this is a wrong question to ask.
This article looks at the arguments for infant baptism in the Bible. The author discusses circumcision as covenant sign, circumcision and the new covenant, circumcision and the judgment from God, circumcision and Jesus Christ, the baptism of John the Baptist, baptism and the judgment from God, baptism as a water ordeal.