It is a fact that Christ is coming back. What will happen when he comes? This article explains events that will characterize the second coming. It deals with the question of millennialism. It points to the reality resurrection of both believers and unbelievers and their destiny.
What happens when you die? This article explains what happens to the body and soul of the believer at death. It then evaluates what other religions believe about death and what follows. It works out the implications of the biblical view of death and the afterlife for the teachings of purgatory, soul sleep, and ancestor worship.
Eschatology concerns itself with what will happen after death and after this present world comes to an end. This article argues that the biblical thinking about last things centres on the work of the Triune God. It also evaluates different views about the world to come.
The Lord’s Supper is a sacrament that focuses the believer’s attention on the promise of the gospel. This article explains the message of the Lord’s Supper and how it fulfils the Old Testament. It discusses those allowed to partake of the Supper and whether children can eat it (paedocommunion). It evaluates various views on the presence of Christ in the Lord’s Supper.
Baptism is a sacrament instituted by Christ. This article explains several things: baptism's expression of the union believers have with God, baptism's relation to the OT, the objects of baptism, and the relationship between baptism, election, and the covenant.
"The sacraments are holy, visible signs and seals. They were instituted by God so that by their use he might the more fully declare and seal to us the promise of the gospel." The article explains aspects of this definition from the Heidelberg Catechism (LD 25) to bring forth the meaning of sacraments.
Preaching is identified as one of the means of grace. This article examines the biblical basis for preaching, the necessity of preaching, preaching law and gospel, and the place of preaching in the liturgy.
What are the instruments that the Lord normally uses to generate and sustain faith in the hearts of fallen human beings? It is the preaching of the gospel and the administration of the sacraments. These are the means of grace. This article explains them.
How should authority in the church be exercised? To answer this question this article looks at the images used to describe the church, and considers that the church belongs to Christ. Christ governs the church through the offices of ministers, elders, and deacons.
How can you know the true church of Christ? True preaching of the gospel, pure administration of sacraments, and exercise of church discipline are the marks of the true church. This article explains them and shows how they apply in church life.
The church is the gathering, or assembly, of true believers as they come together for worship. To prove this definition, this article looks at the church from an Old Testament perspective, and then considers the metaphors used in the New Testament to describe the church. Then it addresses misconceptions about the church.
How can the believer be sure that he will not make it to the end and be lost forever? This article argues that the believer’s confidence rests in God’s faithfulness and steadfast grace. This truth is expressed by the doctrine of the perseverance of the saints and glorification. This article unpacks these two doctrines.
God not only calls us to holiness, he also makes us holy. This article argues that this is the heart of biblical sanctification. It discusses the relationship between sanctification and justification, and the place of good works.
Is it possible for a sinner to be saved? This article argues that the only hope for salvation lies in God. Through calling and regeneration God takes the initiative to save sinners. This article explains both concepts.
To understand the work of the Holy Spirit, one must know who he is. This article shows that he is God. It proves this by looking at the names used in the Bible for him, as well as his relation with the Father and Son, and his work in the OT and in the life of the believer.
How can the perfect, holy God have unity with sinners? This article argues that the answer is Christ's work of atonement. It explains the biblical account of the atonement and the extent of the atonement. It examines various views on the atonement.
Christ is at the right hand of God. What does that mean? This article looks at the resurrection of Christ, ascension, and exultation. It shows how they relate to the offices of Christ as priest, prophet, and king. It also points to the return of Christ.
Who is Jesus Christ? The answer of the church has always been that Jesus is both God and man. This article shows that the two natures of Christ were a reality prophesied in the OT and fulfilled in the NT. It shows how the church battled for this truth of the incarnation. This is what makes Christ the only one and true Mediator.
Election finds its root in the Bible. Election finds its motive in God. This is what the article explains. It then looks at the reasons for God’s election. The meaning of reprobation is explained, as well as the relationship between covenant and election.
What is a covenant? After answering this question, this article explains how a covenant works. It looks at the relationship between the old and new covenant. Then it asks: was there a covenant in Paradise?
The Bible uses different words to describe sin, and this article mentions some of them. It looks at the meaning of inherited sin, actual sin, and total depravity. Then it shows how Pelagianism fails to reflect the true biblical teaching on sin.
God the Father did not only create. He also cares for all that he created. This is what "providence" seeks to express. This article discusses the relationship between the providence of God on the one hand, and the entrance of sin and human limitations on the other.
This article argues that in line with the biblical teaching, creation should be regarded as the work of God the Father. It explains what it means to call God the Father. Looking at his work of creation, it deals with the meaning of "out of nothing," the duration of creation, and the creation of things visible and invisible. The claims of evolution and theistic evolution are evaluated.
The doctrine of the Trinity is not a man-made doctrine. This article shows that this is how God revealed himself in the Scriptures. It points to the implications of confessing the Trinity. It also gives a response to the claims of the Jehovah’s Witnesses and Mormonism.
Can God be known? The article examines the claims of atheism, agnosticism, and rationalism in answering this question. It gives the biblical grounds for knowing God, and the role of faith in this exercise.
"Inspiration" refers to the process by which God spoke through men. This article explains that this process resulted in the Scriptures. It gives reasons why we can trust the Scriptures as God’s revealed word. It also discusses the infallibility, authority, necessity, clarity, and sufficiency of Scripture.
The words doctrine and dogmatics should not frighten you. To prove that, this article defines the meaning of these two words. It discusses the origin of doctrine, the necessity of it, the way to study it, and the goal of it.
This article supports the proposal to change the text of Lord’s Day 44 of the Heidelberg Catechism Q/A 115. The author maintains that the current text creates confusion as to who it is that renews us to God's image.
Looking at the difference positions held by credobaptists and paedobaptists, this article examines whether there is a possibility of uniting together while maintaining differences. The author concludes that "agreeing to disagree" is not the way to go. Infant baptism is a major doctrine, is intricately related to many other doctrines, and cannot be compromised.