This essay attempts to explain the belief that the death of Christ on the cross had the character of penal substitution, and that it was by virtue of this fact that it brought salvation to mankind. First, the author clears up some questions of method. He then continues to explore what it means to call Christ's death substitutionary.
This article shows that salvation is only possible when sin is dealt with and the justice of God is fully satisfied. God fulfilled this in Christ; thus salvation is only through him.
This article wants to put the distinctive elements of salvation in relation to each other in order to create a comprehensive picture. He links the initiating elements of the spiritual life with the progress of the believer’s life, with a view to preparing the ground to redefine the doctrine of the perseverance of believers within such a revised order of salvation.
The author states that prayer is the most important topic in practical religion. All other subjects are secondary. The author offers seven reasons why this is so. Included among these reasons are the subjects of salvation, the character of a true Christian, private prayer, prayer as a source of encouragement, and prayer as a recipe for happiness and contentment.
This article is in the form of a dialogue, and the discussion between the participants is focused on salvation that is based on one's contribution. The alternative view being expressed by the other participant is that salvation is based on no effort of the one saved, but must all be credited to God.
In this article the subject of saving faith is investigated. The aim is to be able to identify and distinguish between faith that is genuine and leads to salvation and those kinds of faith that do not lead to salvation. By references to various texts in Scripture, the article deals with many of the faiths that do not lead to salvation.
This article is in the form of a series of letters on the subject of salvation. It offers advice on the common misconceptions and errors surrounding the understanding of the event and process of salvation. It especially focuses on salvation as wholly a work of God, a calling to obedient living, a divine deliverance, and so forth.
This article reviews a number of positions held on the nature of salvation. The article refutes the Roman Catholic accusation that the Reformation rejected all works of holiness and the need for moral transformation in the life of converts. Other unbiblical approaches to evangelism are antinomian elements that deny the necessity for commitment to Christ.
This article, by way of a chart, presents the different tasks of the Lord Jesus and the Holy Spirit in man's salvation.
Salvation is the final triumph of the gospel in bringing believers to eternal safety and joy in the presence of a holy and glorious God.
This article recalls the great work of the Lord in bringing the sinner to salvation, and from there it encourages vital living as a Christian in this dark world.
Thielman is convinced that if one is to understand how justification functions in Paul's writings, one needs to understand how the righteousness language functions in Romans 1:17. He argues in this article that part of the reason for the volatile interpretive history of this verse is that the phrase is polyvalent. He further argues that the "righteousness of God” has three meanings in Romans 1:17.
Is it unfair to claim exclusivity of Jesus Christ for salvation? Jesus is the only way to salvation; to claim the opposite is being unfair.
In a previous article Thomas Schreiner argued that Romans 9 teaches individual election unto salvation. Abasciano finds Schreiner's argument for the primacy of corporate election in Romans 9 unpersuasive. In this article, he examines Schreiner's case and articulates the nature of election as it is represented in Romans 9.
Grenz's concern is the telling of the story of salvation in terms of Jesus as image of God. He begins by outlining the <em>imago Dei</em> Christology of the New Testament. Next, he places this Christology in the context of the biblical story of man as image of God. Grenz also draws out the implications of this Christology for the flow of theological construction.
What is the nature of the relationship between Christ and the church? What is the role of the church in salvation? In this article the author reflects on the significance of the image used for the church as the body of Christ in 1 Corinthians 12:27 for our understanding of the functions of the church as prophet, priest, and king.
Hamilton argues that the centre in Biblical Theology is God, who is both merciful and just. The central theme of Scripture, according to Hamilton, is the glory of God in salvation through judgment. In Chapter 1 he first considers whether there is a centre in Scripture that holds everything in Scripture together.
In Chapter 1 Burns discusses the subject of the presence of God in John 1:1-18. The focus of the chapter is verse 14. Attention is given to the Word in the flesh, the Word and salvation, the Word and perseverance, the Word as tabernacle, the Word as grace and truth, the Word and the Law, and the Word and our world.
Crowe explores in Chapter 1 the significance of salvation in 1 Peter. He reflects on the meaning of the believers being called exiles/aliens/sojourners in 1 Peter and Scripture generally. Next he discusses the blessings of salvation. At the end of the chapter he provides some questions for reflection and discussion.
Is it possible for a true believer to lose his salvation? How should we read and understand the promise of Revelation 3:5? Should this text be read as a support for the doctrine of the perseverance of the saints? The author wants to demonstrate that a good reading of this passage does not include the possibility of the loss of salvation.
Does the Bible say anything about infant salvation? What happens to infants when they die? This article looks at three answers given throughout church history. It then discusses infant salvation in relation to effectual calling and regeneration, election, baptism, and covenant. What should be the answer?
Why is it that some people are saved and others are not? This article traces the answer to this question to the sovereignty of God in salvation. It argues that the biblical answer is found in that God the Father elected certain ones to salvation, God the Son died for the elect, and God the Spirit quickens the elect.
Is there any hope for those who never heard the gospel? In this essay Baker affirms that the Scriptures teach that salvation is by faith in God, and mediated through Jesus Christ. The author wants to look at safeguards against the dangers of unwarranted inferences from this. He wants his readers to be wary of speaking carelessly about the hope we have.
The author confronts the influence of the New Perspective on Paul. Gaffin’s controlling question throughout concerns Paul’s understanding of how the individual receives salvation. What does the application of salvation to sinners involve for Paul? Is a distinction between salvation accomplished (historia salutis) and salvation applied (ordo salutis) present in his preaching?
This article answers four questions about salvation: What is salvation? What are we saved from? How are we saved? For what are we saved?
What is the nature of God's grace? The article describes the differences between God's common grace and God's special grace, in line with the reformed teaching of election. Common grace is extended to all men, but does not lead to salvation. Special grace is extended to the elect, and leads to righteousness in Jesus Christ, and thus salvation.
Why do we love the Lord Jesus and some people do not? Isaiah 53 helps us with this question. Many people do not consider Jesus as a Saviour, a winner, a king among kings and a great Lord over lesser lords. Believers not only understand that Jesus suffered, but also know why He suffered. We view Him as our substitute who suffered for us, obtaining salvation for us.
No one seeks after God. Man's salvation is only as a result of God's grace. In expositing Romans 3:11, this article shows that man by nature has no inclination to seek after God. Only when He is found by God can he seek after Him. This truth of salvation by grace alone is fundamental to the life of every Christian, family and church.
Christ accomplished a complete salvation; there is nothing which needs to be added to what He has already done.
As sinners, we all deserve condemnation and death. And yet, believers can be assured of their salvation, obtained for them through Christ's death!
This is the second article in a series on various doctrinal issues facing the church today. This article looks at the debate between salvation exclusivism and inclusivism. Are those who were not evangelized also saved?The current embracing of inclusivism by the Roman Catholic Church and the challenge of neo-Arminianism is posing a threat to the orthodox faith. The author calls readers to stand up for biblical truth.
John 10 presents Christ as the Shepherd. This article shows that Christians are assured of their salvation because the Father has given the sheep to the Son, and the Son gave His life for the sheep. Also, the Father and Son are one, so no one can snatch you away from the Father's hand. This is our assurance.
Indulgences were a denial of the biblical truth around salvation. This article shows how many churches which claim to be reformed preach salvation which depends on works - this isn't any different from the practice of indulgences. The author calls the reader to a correct and reformed understanding of justification.
This article is about the gift of salvation for believers. Christians are powerless, ungodly, dependant, guilty sinners. However, God met these needs and shortcomings with the gift of His Son.
To speak about the Godhood of God is to affirm that God truly is God. Looking at God and His attributes, this article shows how society through its lifestyle can deny these attributes and paint another picture of God, which this article calls the "modern god". The author points to creation, revelation, salvation and providence as affirmation of the Godhood of God.
The term "salvation" (Greek, soteria) has given us the name for a central category of systematic theology (soteriology). However many discussions of the doctrine of salvation do not give much attention to the actual Biblical use of the word group related to salvation. In Systematic Theology the approach is to synthesize the various Biblical concepts, and the terms for salvation occur with relative rarity.
The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit has a perfect coincidence of will and purpose. They have a covenant of redemption in which they made promises to one another, and in which their different tasks in salvation is distinguished but not separated. This article specifically also looks at the role of the Holy Spirit in the covenant of redemption.
Paul's use of the expression "in Christ" or "in the Lord" has received a great deal of attention in the past century. His use of this formula has implications for his understanding of the person and work of Christ, the Bible's teaching on salvation, what we believe about the return of Christ and the Christian life.