The author provides a preview of the Pelagian controversy from early church history, which involved Augustine and Pelagius (a later development of Pelagianism became known as semi-Pelagianism). The controversy in question centres around the nature of the fall of man, saving grace, and the will of man.
This article is an overview of the church history of the 4th Century A.D.
Docetism is a teaching that claimed that Jesus only appeared to be human but in essence was not human. This article explains why this teaching is heretical, and its relevance for the church today.
Manichaeism taught that life constitutes of an eternal struggle between the kingdom of light and darkness. This article explains why this teaching is heretical and what is its relevance for the church today.
Gnostics promoted a view about man and Christ that was contrary to the Bible. This article introduces the heresy of Gnosticism and why it matters for the church today.
The three Councils of Constantinople dealt with the issue of the Trinity and Christology. This article looks at the history and relevance of these councils.
In Christ, did God become human? This is what the Creed of Chalcedon endeavoured to answer in dealing with the nature and person of Christ.
This article explores the early church's celebration of the Lord's Supper. It addresses the question of whether they believed that the elements were actually transformed into the physical body and blood of Christ.
How did the doctrine of sola Scriptura feature in the centuries before the Reformation? This article shows how it was championed by the church fathers.
Berkhof studies some perversions of the gospel from the time of the early New Testament church to when Gnosticism took centre stage. In the early church he takes note of perversions such as those of the Nazarenes, the Ebionites, and the Elkesaites. He also examines Gnosticism, its origins, character, teachings, and historical significance.
This article on church history looks at the persecution of the early church. Focus is given to state persecution from the time of Nero to Constantine, who brought the persecution to an end. Attention is given to both the positive and negative results of the persecution of the church.
This article on church history looks at the end of the apostolic age. The author speaks about the apostolic mission, social action, and church government during the apostolic age.
This article explains why the teaching of Nestorius on the person and nature of Christ was heresy.
This article discusses the First Council of Constantinople, whose purpose was to unite a church that remained divided over the issue of the nature of Christ and his relationship with the Father. The article discusses the Council's setting, purpose, major characters, and the nature and results of the conflict.
This article discusses the Council of Ephesus, whose purpose was address the teaching of Nestorius that came to be known as Nestorianism, a teaching that stressed the independence of the divine and human natures of Christ. The article considers the Council's setting, purpose, major characters, and the nature and results of the conflict.
This article discusses the Council of Chalcedon whose purpose was to rectify the tension created by the Council of Ephesus on the nature of Christ. The article discusses the Council's setting, purpose, and major characters, as well as the nature and results of the conflict.
Looking at the Council of Chalcedon, this article shows how this council was able to clarify the Apollinarianism, Nestorianism, and the Eutychianism in the controversy on the human and divine nature of Christ. Though these heresies dated before Chalcedon, the author shows that heresy is necessary as it helps to advance orthodoxy.
When Augustine became bishop of Hippo in 395 AD, he was compelled to deal with a schism which had existed in the church for 85 years. The schism consisted of mutual hostility and distrust. Both groups had the same episcopal constitution, the same priesthood, the same Creed and Sacraments. The schism existed on two levels. The first was over the concern for purity in the Christian life and worldly separation while the second point of contention was doctrinal.
Is Jesus God? The Watchtower claims that Jesus is not God and that this is what the early church fathers taught also. This article examines the teaching of Ignatius, Polycarp, Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria, Tertullian, Hippolytus, and Origen to show that they believed the deity of Christ.
Christianity emerged from Judaism. This article inquires how dialogue was conducted with the Jewish confession that the Lord is One. According to this article this did take place frequently, as is evident in the use of the Shema in many New Testament passages (e.g., Romans 3:27-31), and it was also a flashpoint of debate between the church and the synagogue in the first century.
This article suggests that early Christian teaching consisted largely of a new understanding and interpretation of the message of the Old Testament. The primary means through which the Christian faith was communicated was the Jewish Scriptures. It indicates that early interpretation treated the Old Testament as a historical narrative of God's dealings with his people.
This article explores the ancient heresy Gnosticism, which bears influence still today.