Why is Jesus contrasted with the angels in such strong language in the epistle to the Hebrews? How was the identity and role of angels understood in late Judaism? The angelology of sectarian Judaism is discussed. Exegesis of Hebrews 1:5-14 supplies insight into the contrast between the birthright of the Son of God and the angels.
Christianity and Judaism are different religions. Why is that? After all, Jesus and the apostles were all Jews. What was the nature of the Judaism that prevailed in the 1st century AD? What was the view of God? How was Jesus Christ related to the Jewish God? How should biblical monotheism be interpreted in the light of Jesus’ claim to be the Son of God send from heaven?