This article examines the Scriptures on the matter of angels. It explains that in the Old Testament we encounter a celestial court council, of which the angels constitute a part. The article then outlines the duty of the angels, as well as their essence (as spirits). It emphasizes that we cannot abstract the angels from Christ. Finally, it gives some attention to a book by L.F. de Graaff on the topic.
These articles offer an extensive consideration of the identity and work of angels. The author looks at the place of the angels in spiritual war, in their ministry to believers, in their interpretation of Scripture, and in their joy in the work of the Lord. The author also discusses the task of the church in showing the glory of salvation to the angels.
With the resurgence of spirituality has come a renewed popular interest in angels. Thus, angels figure far more extensively in New Age thought than they have done in Christianity over the last two or three centuries. This essay explores the role angelology could potentially play in contemporary orthodox theology.
This article surveys the place and function of angels in the Bible.
A number of questions come out of 1 Samuel 16:14: What should we understand by the description "evil spirit"? How should we imagine the relationship between the Lord and these spirits? This article argues that the Old Testament fully accepts the existence of supernatural beings, good and evil. The aim of this article is to look at how the Old Testament views spiritual beings and evil spirits in particular.
This essay wants to demonstrate that the verb "pasah" in Exodus 12 should not be translated as "pass over" but "hover over." This image is the same as Genesis 1:2 where the metaphor is used to compare the Creator-Spirit to a bird hovering over the deep-and-darkness. Kline provides some background for the use of avian imagery for God and his angels.
Why is Jesus contrasted with the angels in such strong language in the epistle to the Hebrews? How was the identity and role of angels understood in late Judaism? The angelology of sectarian Judaism is discussed. Exegesis of Hebrews 1:5-14 supplies insight into the contrast between the birthright of the Son of God and the angels.