Does the traditional antithesis between law and gospel indeed function in the Mosaic covenant? The article gives specific attention to the use of the contrast between the principles of inheritance by works and inheritance by grace through faith. Can it be argued that the Mosaic covenant is in a certain sense a republication of an original covenant of works?
What does the Reformed tradition teach on the nature and limitations of civil legislation? What are the limits of government? How did the Reformers apply the civil laws of Moses? The essay notes the function of natural law and how the Puritans and Continental Reformers like Zwingli viewed the role of government.
In what way is there continuity between the Mosaic covenant and the new covenant? Covenant theology is known for its emphasis on the unity and continuity between the testaments. Karlberg surveys the development of federal theology. He tries to understand the strong and sometimes even aggressive debate surrounding these issues.