Do We Believe in the Rapture?
"A Tale of Two Cities" – Nationalism in Zion and Babylon
What is nationalism and how did it play a role in the life of Israel as the people of God? This article examines the characteristics of neo-Babylonian nationalism before looking at two biblical examples of nationalism. The focus is on some of the eschatology concerned with Israel's future, which also involves the nations.
"The Root" in Paul's Olive Tree Metaphor (Romans 11:16-24)
How are the Gentiles included in Israel, the Old Testament people of God? Paul in Romans 11:16-24 uses the metaphor of an olive tree with a root to explain this relationship. This article looks at how this metaphor fits into Paul's whole argument of the restoration of Israel in Romans.
Did YHWH Condemn the Nations When He Elected Israel? YHWH's Disposition toward Non-Israelites in the Torah
The election of Israel to be the people of God is a significant theme in the Old Testament. This special position of Israel has offended many people both in the ancient and modern world. In a world of "equal opportunity," people argue that the idea of election leads to violence because it in effect defines all other nations as the enemy. The elect and the non-elect are seen as antagonistic categories.
Propositions for Evangelical Acceptance of a Late-Date Exodus-Conquest: Biblical Data and the Royal Scarabs from Mt. Ebal
What is the date of the exodus-conquest of the people of Israel? This article reviews the history of the study of the date of the exodus. The main section of the article traces two lines of argument, the one textual and the other from archaeological evidence, that may support the late date.
Why Do Joshua's Readers Keep Crossing the River? The Narrative-Geographical Shaping of Joshua 3-4
The Jordan River stood as a barrier before Israel entering the Promised Land. It was an obstacle between promise and fulfilment. Reading Joshua 3 and Joshua 4, one relives the crossing of the river twenty-one times. Beck wants to consider the significance of this repeated crossing of the Jordan.
Israel, the People of God, and the Nations
Schnabel reflects in this article on the universal context for the narrative of Israel in Scripture and the universal perspective of the identity of Israel.
The Future of Israel as a Theological Question
This essay reflects on the theological question of the future of Israel. Blaising defines "Israel" as a designation for the descendants of Jacob as an ethnic, cultural, and national entity. Consideration of the future of Israel is a question about the national future of the descendants of Jacob. The author does not ask about the future of Israel as a state.
Salvation through Judgment and Mercy – The Runaway Prophet (Jonah 1:1-3)
Chapter 2 is a commentary on Jonah 1:1-3. Jonah the prophet is considered as representative of Israel.
Revolutions in Worldview – The Hebrew World-and-Life View
The goal of this volume is to present the worldview characteristic of different periods of Western thought. Chapter 2 explores the life and worldview of the Hebrew people of the Old Testament. The main aspect of this worldview is the belief that God revealed himself to his elect people.
Luke 12:57-59 – Debtor's Prison and the Future of Israel
Kinman wants to reconsider the exegesis of Luke 12:57-59. He provides reasons to question the consensus interpretation. His reasons are based on three factors that he considers: the literary setting of the passage in its context, the phenomenon of debt in Hellenistic law, and the language of the passage itself.
A Closer Look at the Widow's Offering: Mark 12:41–44
Smith offers an exegetical consideration of Mark 12:41-44. He argues that the theme of the coming judgment upon the nation of Israel forms an important context for a good understanding of the significance of this text.
Covenant Conditionally and a Future for Israel
The author argues against the view that there is a future for Israel on the basis of an unconditional covenant with the descendants of Abraham. Pierce looks at the nature of the Abrahamic covenant, the Israelite covenant, and the Davidic covenant. The article comes to a conclusion with an examination of the new covenant model as Jeremiah presents it.
Jesus the Son of God – "Son of God" as Christological Title
Chapter 1 considers the significance of Jesus Christ being called Son of God. In Scripture we see that Adam, Israel, King Solomon and Israel are all called “son of God.”
Israel as Light to the Nations: A Review Article
What is the significance of Israel as a light to the nations? In this essay Karlberg critically reviews the views of Paul van Buren on the role of Israel among the nations. Van Buren believes that Israel can have an important function in interfaith dialogue and the character of Christian mission.
Unity and Diversity in Early Israel before Samuel
What is the picture the Bible gives us of Israel during the period of the judges? This essay pleads for and starts with a re-examination of this time in the life of God's people. Different theories exist that need to be reviewed.
The Meaning of the Phrase "And Thus All Israel Will Be Saved" (Romans 11:26)
What is the future of Israel? Does the Bible still give a particular function for Israel as the people of God after the ascension of Christ? How should we interpret the words of Paul in Romans 11:26 when he refers to the salvation of all Israel? This article weighs in.
The Emergence of the Writing Prophets in Israel in the Mid-Eighth Century
What were the factors that caused the emergence of the writing prophets in Israel? The author considers two possible factors and their impact on the form of the prophets' message.
Simeon, the Tenth Tribe of Israel
Ecstasy and Israel's Early Prophets
One way of seeking communication from the gods of the Canaanites was by ecstatic frenzy. Some scholars believe that Israel learned it from the Canaanites and made it a part of their service. They believe that Israel's former prophets were ecstatics. Evidence is sought in the Old Testament especially from three passages: Numbers 11:25-29, 1 Samuel 10:1-13, and 1 Samuel 19:18-24.
Slaves of God
According to Leviticus 25:39-43, the people of Israel are slaves of Yahweh. The author explores the function of this "slave of God" motif in the ancient Near East, and slavery in antiquity.
God’s Promise Plan and His Gracious Law
How should biblical law be related to God’s gospel of grace? In answering this question Kaiser argues that the law is a unity. He further considers whether the penalties of the law continue to be an integral part of the law, and whether the law was addressed to Israel and not to all mankind.
And Then All Israel Will Be Saved (2)
And Then All Israel Will Be Saved (1)
Israel and The Church Three Models for the Relationship
The Judges of Israel
This map shows the location of the judges who ruled over parts of Israel as is described in the book of Judges.
The Levitical Cities
This map of Israel shows the cities allocated to the Levites at the conquest of Canaan (Joshua 21 and 1 Chronicles 6).
Map of Ancient Israel's Natural Features
This map shows the Israel's geographical features.
The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah
This map shows the divided kingdoms of Judah and Israel, as well as the surrounding nations that were often at war with either or both of the divided kingdoms.
The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah
This map shows the two kingdoms of Israel and Judah in Palestine during the time of the divided monarchy.
Contested Border Between Judah and Israel
This map shows the general position of the contested border between Judah and Israel according to 1 Kings 15.
The Twelve Tribes of Israel
This map shows the allocated boundaries of the twelve tribes of Israel.
The Twelve Tribes of Israel
This map shows the allocation of land given to the twelve tribes of Israel as described in the book of Joshua.
The Twelve Tribes of Israel
This map shows the allocated land of the twelve tribes of Israel.
The United Monarchy
This map shows the nation of Israel and its tribes under the united monarchy (the reigns of David and Solomon).
Upon This Rock (4): An Elect Remnant
This article is part of a series on the history of the Old Testament. When God destroyed Israel and sent them to captivity it was not because He failed in His promise to restore Israel. Rather, it was through this action that God was beginning to fulfill His promise. He was paving a way for the true Israel whom He would gather together under one head - Jesus Christ.
Upon This Rock (3): The End of Israel
This article is part of a series on the history of the Old Testament. This article focuses on the last years of the ten tribes of Israel, or the northern kingdom. Their rejection of God's message resulted in God rejecting them and using the Assyrians to take them into captivity.
This article examines replacement theology and the idea that the church has replaced Israel.
The Church (Part 4)
This article looking at Ephesians 2:11-22 shows how in Christ God has made the church to be a uniting place. In Christ, the church has become the Israel of God, a people of God not limited by race, colour nor place. Racism can truly be abolished by the gospel, ushering in the new nation where unity and diversity can be celebrated.
The Church and Israel Blueprint for a Biblical View
Romans 11 – The Mystery Concerning Israel
The "Signs of the Times" (3): "And So All Israel Shall Be Saved"
The Jews, the Land, and the Kingdom
This article discusses the relationship between the Jews, the land, and the kingdom in order to understand the theological significance of Israel. What place do the Jews have in the ongoing purpose of God?
Israel and the Church
In this article about the relation of Israel and the church, the author looks at the separation of Israel and the church, the place of the church and the kingdom in the history of God, and God's one purpose of salvation.
Questions concerning the Jews
This article is about the relation of the Jews to the Israel of Scripture. The literal interpretation of prophecy with regards to the texts about Israel and Jerusalem is also discussed. Other topics mentioned are the future of the Jews, "all Israel" and the state Israel.