Do the Jews have a special future? This article answers this question by addressing the question of identity - who is a Jew? Romans 11 shows that one is a Jew by God's election and calling, and that Jews are grafted in as they believe in Jesus. Jews identified in terms of race apart from Christ have no special place in God's kingdom.
This essay reflects on the theological question of the future of Israel. Blaising defines "Israel" as a designation for the descendants of Jacob as an ethnic, cultural, and national entity. Consideration of the future of Israel is a question about the national future of the descendants of Jacob. The author does not ask about the future of Israel as a state.
The election of Israel to be the people of God is a significant theme in the Old Testament. This special position of Israel has offended many people both in the ancient and modern world. In a world of "equal opportunity," people argue that the idea of election leads to violence because it in effect defines all other nations as the enemy. The elect and the non-elect are seen as antagonistic categories.