This article traces God's promise of a king to his people, Israel. The account shows the difference between God's plan and the people's expectation of what a king should be like.
This article seeks to show the unifying element of the different activities of a priest in the Old Testament. It argues that a priest was an administrator of the royal household.
This article outlines the redemptive-historical significance of wells in Scripture.
This article discusses slavery in the Old Testament and explains how Israelite and non-Israelite slaves were to be treated.
Did Old Testament saints comprehend the types and shadows as pointing to better things to come? This article evaluates the view of one scholar who argued that such saints did not, and shows it to be lacking. The author explains that the symbol and type needed the Word, which was there to explain their function, that they were but images of the reality to come.
The house of David is central to the Bible's message of salvation. Boda explores in Chapter 1 the theological theme of David and his household. He starts with David and New Testament theology, and proceeds to trace in the Old Testament the relationship between King David and God as king. Relevant passages considered are 1 Samuel 8, Romans 1:3, and 2 Corinthians 6:18.
A place of worship between the fall and the exodus is called an altar. Chapter 2 gives an overview of how these altars functioned as places of God’s presence. Longman reflects on the altar law of Exodus 20: 24-26, the significance of the altars of Noah and the patriarchs (Genesis 12), and God’s special presence at these altars.
The function and meaning of the word "Sheol" is important in biblical theology. Its relevance for an understanding of passages like 1 Peter 3:20 and Ephesians 4:8 is indicated. Further, a comparison is made with the New Testament's use of "hades." The meaning of Sheol is explored still more by comparing a number of its occurrences in the Old Testament.
This article is about who Adam was as an individual. Adam was the first person, vegetarian, king, priest, first to die, but also first to hear the gospel.
This article shows the significance of dew in Scripture. It was a symbol of blessing, the resurrection, and the ministry of God's people in the world. Also, it is associated with baptism and manna.
This article looks at the Day of Atonement through the cosmological lens of Genesis and its vision of unity.
This article discusses the biblical terms and phrases used for the tabernacle in order to provide some insights into its nature and function.
Israel's exodus from Egypt is one of the central redemptive-historical events in the Scriptures, so central that it is the pattern for at least seven events in Scripture that may themselves be called “Exoduses.” This second article in a series outlines the exodus experiences of Isaac (Genesis 26:6-16), Jacob (Genesis 27-Genesis 31), Israel, God's people through the death and resurrection of Christ, and Peter (Acts 12).
Israel's exodus from Egypt is one of the central redemptive-historical events in the Scriptures, so central that it is the pattern for at least seven events in Scripture that may themselves be called “Exoduses.” This first article in a series determines the main elements of the exodus, and then considers how these are manifested in the events of the exodus of Abram in Genesis 12 and Genesis 20.
This article shows that on account of the various boundary laws in the Old Covenant, the people of God were never fully able to serve as priests to the nations. This fact called out for the coming of Christ and inauguration of the new covenant.
How can heaven and earth be joined together when they are currently so separated? This article gives the answer: through the atonement of Jesus Christ. He fulfills all the recoverings that happened in the Old Testament sacrificial liturgy by becoming the covering himself. This article concludes with reflections on how this comes into the Christian life of forgiveness, based on 1 John 1:6-2:2.
This article takes a redemptive-historical look at the Lord's war against death.
Israel's exodus from Egypt is one of the central redemptive-historical events in the Scriptures, so central that it is the pattern for at least seven events in Scripture that may themselves be called “Exoduses.” This final article in a series shows the theological centre of the Exodus principle, namely, Christ and his experience.
This article offers a biblical theology of clothing, starting from Genesis 3, moving ahead to the tabernacle, and then to the life of Christ. The Bible's teaching about the first and last Adam gives special colour to a biblical theology of clothing.
How should we look at the use of large numbers in the Old Testament? Fouts gives examples of difficulties with large numbers in Scripture and gives a short overview of the history of interpretation of these texts. Most of these large numbers occur in the books of Samuel, Kings and Chronicles. He argues that many of these large numbers are often simply figures of speech used to magnify Yahweh or David as king.
This essay reflects on the theological significance of the exodus.
Beale notes the cultic affinities drawn between the garden of Eden and the temple of Israel. The word pair usually translated as "cultivate" ('abad) and "keep" (shamar) occur together in the Old Testament elsewhere referring only either to Israelites "serving" God and "guarding" (keeping) God's Word, or to priests who "keep" the "service" (or "charge") of the tabernacle.
This article evaluates three models that seek to date the exodus and Israel's conquest of Canaan. It evaluates the immigration, revolt, and two-phase conquest model.
There are a number of instances in the Old Testament where "elohim" (“God, god”) is accurately translated by the plural (“gods”). Some instances are used of an Israelite divine assembly or divine council under the authority of Yahweh (Psalm 82:1). This raises the question whether the divine plural in the Old Testament is a demonstration of an evolution in the religion of Israel from polytheism to monotheism.