This article is an exposition of John 1:35-51.
This article wants to work towards greater clarity on the meaning of the three clauses found in John 1:3c-4.
This article answers the title with an affirmative Yes. However, it is the explanation to this answer that is important. The author explains that the Gospel of John not only presents history, but a biographical history of Jesus.
This article is an exposition of John 1:19-34.
This paper is an exegetical consideration of John 1:45-51.
What is the nature and function of the prologue of the Gospel of John? This article contends that John 1:1-18 provides the exegetical key to the right understanding of the entire book. It contains a summary of the main theological positions of John. The prologue is a "microcosm of the gospel" that anticipates John's presentation of God's purposes of salvation through the incarnation of the Son.
This article gives an outline of John 1:1-18. It shows that Christ is divine, distinct person of the Trinity, divine, Creator, and incarnate.
This article is an introduction to the Gospel of John. It discusses the authorship, purpose, and message of the account.
Chapter 1 is an exposition and application of John 1:1-3.
This chapter introduces the Gospel of John and focuses on John's reasons for writing his gospel. Peterson notes at least three purposes: to bring people to faith, to strengthen believers in their faith, and to defend the faith. At the end are review questions and questions for discussion.
This study aims to provide a corrective to the current debate regarding the historical Jesus by studying the Gospel of John’s presentation of Jesus as a teacher. The argument is not that this is the major, or even a major aspect of John's teaching on Christ. Rather, John reflects the common perception of Jesus among his contemporaries, friends and foes alike: that Jesus was, perhaps more, but certainly no less, than a rabbi.
This article is an exposition of John 2:12-25.
This article is an exposition of John 2:1-11.
This article discusses the essence of Jesus' miracle of changing water to wine (John 2:1-12).
This article is an exposition of John 3:22-36.
This article is an exposition of John 3:1-21.
An important theme in the Gospel of John is that of God sending Jesus on a special mission. In this article, the author wants to show how "sending" is integrated into the total theology of John. He further applies it to solve a theological problem of John.
Köstenberger exegetes John 3:16 within its original historical setting, its place within John’s narrative, and its theological context.
This essay considers the love of the Father for the Son (John 3:35). It explores how the Gospel of John views the relationship between the Father and the Son and the significance of this relation for man as son of God. This leads to a consideration of the preaching of the gospel of Jesus Christ as God’s beloved Son.
This article is an exposition of John 4:27-42.
This article is an exposition of John 4:1-26.
Most often in contemporary Christian understanding, worship is considered to be the acts of a local gathering of believers. This article suggests that this is misleading and argues that the Greek word "proskuneo" is never used in the New Testament in the sense of "worship." It is rather an expression of a relationship to the Spirit and truth of Christ, as demonstrated in John 4.
This article is an exposition of John 5:19-47.
This paper presents an understanding of the meaning of history in the Gospel of John. It examines the evidence for the reliability of the history in the fourth gospel, as it interacts with views of Raymond E. Brown, J. Louis Martyn and R. Alan Culpepper. It concludes that the historical material in John's gospel is reliable, trustworthy, and encourages faith.
This paper presents an interpretation of John 10:34-36. The main interpretative issue focus on the meaning of "you are gods."
Chapter 1 is a consideration of the theme of preaching Jesus and the gospel from the Old Testament. The author develops his theme by reflecting on John 5:31-47. In this text the importance of Scripture as a witness to the mission of Jesus Christ is unfolded. John refers also to other witnesses: John the Baptist, Jesus’ own works, and the Father. The author continues with a defence of the Old Testament as part of the Christian canon.
In John 6:69, Peter confesses Jesus as "the Holy One of God." Scholarly opinion on the meaning of the Holy One of God is deeply divided. The most common solution is that the title simply means "Messiah." This article argues against such a position and suggests instead that the primary meaning of the title is that of "representation" or "agency." In Mark and Luke, it is an agency of judgment on the demons.
This article is an exposition of John 6:22-40.
This article is an exposition of John 6:1-21.
How should indirect speech be interpreted? In the New Testament, several passages of this nature are found, where the intended meaning of a statement differs from its direct meaning. Biblical interpreters from cultures where the style of communication is mostly direct easily miss the indirect meaning and instead interpret the statement in a direct manner. Montgomery looks at John 1:35-41 as a case in point.
Some scholars have questioned the legitimacy of seeing the Son in a subordinate role to the Father in the Gospel of John. Is that an indication that the majority of scholarship on this gospel has misread it? How should we understand Jesus’ unilateral obedience to and dependence on the Father? This essay reexamines the Gospel of John in the light of recent discussions. Cowan indicates that the Son’s subordination to the Father is a major theme in John.
According to the author, the Gospel of John lays emphasis on both the individual believer and the community of believers. We should not allow either to cancel out the other. What Bauckham indicates as individualism is nothing more than the considerable emphasis this Gospel account lays on the relationship of the individual believer to Jesus Christ. In Chapter 1 he gathers and assesses the evidence for the individual’s relationship with Jesus.
The first section of the Introduction deals with the genre (literary type) of the Gospel of John and the historical value of the Gospel. It considers whether John’s Gospel is folk literature, a memoir, a novel, drama, or biography. John’s distinctive style and adaptation of the gospel form are also considered.
The passage on the adulteress in John 7:53-John 8:11 is often used as evidence that Jesus revoked the death penalty. The relevance of this passage for discussions on capital punishment is considered in this essay, noting the history of interpretation, hermeneutical considerations, and legal factors.
Turner reflects on the date, origin, purpose, and authorship of the Gospel of John.
This is a short exegetical note on the translation of John 10:16.
This article is an exposition of John 7:37-53.
This article includes a review by Max Turner of the book The Anointed Community The Holy Spirit in the Johannine Tradition, with a response by Gary M. Burge. The book is a work on the apostle John's understanding of the Holy Spirit and his work. Turner zooms in on the Spirit and sacraments, Spirit and eschatology, and Spirit and Christology.
The focus of the study is on John 20:12. The author uses the whole of John 19:38-John 20:18 as a basis of his study. He reflects on the possibility to see in John 20:12 an allusion to the ark of the covenant. Lunn finds a number of related allusions in the immediate context. He further explores the theological implications of such allusions from the Torah. Lunn reviews the interpretation of Jesus' words about his ascension in John 20:17.
This article is an exposition of John 8:36-59.
This article is an exposition of John 8:30-36.
This article is an exposition of John 8:12-30.
This article is an exposition of John 8:1-11.
This article is part two of an exposition of John 8:36-59.
This article is Part Two of an exposition of John 9.
This article is Part One of an exposition of John 9.
Jesus Christ came to reveal the justice of God in saving some and rejecting others. This article explains how this truth emerges from John 9:39.
This article is an exposition of John 10:22-42.
This article is Part Two of an exposition of John 10:1-21.
This article is Part One of an exposition of John 10:1-21.
This article is Part Two of the exposition of John 11.
This article is Part One of an exposition of John 11.
This article is an exposition of John 12:20-33.
This article is an exposition of John 12:1-19.
This article is an exposition of John 12:34-50.
This article argues for the authenticity of John 12:24. Its vocabulary, form, style, and content fits naturally into its context and is, therefore, not a fabrication of John but part of his witness as apostle.
The essay is an exegetical study of John 13:31-32. It considers all the textual and historical questions surrounding the text. Ensor argues that Jesus claims that through his return to the Father by way of the cross, his divine qualities would be revealed. In this way, he would fulfill the role of the "one like a son of man" of Daniel 7:13-14.
This article is an exposition of John 13:18-38.
This article is an exposition of John 13:1-17.
This article is an exposition of John 14:15-31.
This article is an exposition of John 14:1-14.
What are the greater works that the disciples would do? This article shows that John 14:12 should be interpreted in line with the purpose of the book of John, which is that the reader would believe "that Jesus is the Christ." Through the mission work of the disciples, many would believe without having seen any miracles. The conversion of unbelievers is an even greater work than Jesus' miracles on earth.
The present essay links the “greater works” passage in John 14:12 with other passages in John’s Gospel with similar wording or similar theological or terminological content. After a brief survey of the history of interpretation of the reference to believers’ “greater works” in John, an effort is made to draw implications from the present study’s findings for the self-understanding and practice of the contemporary church’s task and mission.
This article is part two of an exposition of John 15.
This article is part one of an exposition of John 15.
This article considers what it means to know God, in light of the message of John 17:3.
This article offers some encouraging words based on the prayer of the Lord Jesus in John 17:15.
This article unfolds the various connections made in John 18:1-11 between the Lord Jesus, David, and Adam.
It is hard to imagine a more profound question than "What is truth?" The world’s greatest philosophers and theologians has been driven by the quest for truth. It is also the question Pilate asked Jesus. It is probable that Pilate’s question has several layers of meaning, intriguing commentators over the centuries. This pays tribute not so much to Pilate but to the apostle John who wove the question into the fabric of his Gospel concerning Jesus, the Christ and Son of God.
This article is an exposition of John 19:31-42.
This article is about how the texts Exodus 12:46 and Psalm 34:19-20 are fulfilled in John 19:31-33 and 36, and how this shows the righteousness of Jesus Christ.
What are your thoughts on the disciple Thomas? This article suggests that he was the first of the Twelve to enter fully into Easter faith.
This article is an interpretation of Jesus' words to Mary in John 20:17.
This article is a Bible study on John 20.
This article argues that the number 153 in John 21:11—the amount of fish the disciples caught—represents the totality of the nations of the world that will be drawn in the new creation.
This article is a Bible study on John 21.
The Gospel of John has been labeled as anti-Judaism, anti-Jewish, and even anti-Semitic. This charge is based on John's presentation of Jesus' relationship to the Jews and how John presents the Jews. In this article the author shows that this charge is false, and that John stands in line with the other Gospels in showing Christ as the replacement of the temple in the fulfillment of the Old Testament.
The importance of signs in the Gospel of John is generally acknowledged. However, there is no treatment of the exact number and identity of the Johannine signs. For important reasons such a work, however, is needed. While six Johannine signs are commonly acknowledged, there is no agreement regarding possible other signs in John's Gospel. Through an exploration of the alternative proposals, greater clarity, if not consensus, could be achieved.
Christian mission currently appears to be suffering from an acute identity crisis. This crisis has to do with at least two major factors: the increasing interdisciplinary nature of missiology and the rapid pace of change in the world around us. Each of these has significant implications for the church’s missionary task. Few would oppose in principle the efforts made to draw upon the valid findings of the various social sciences.