Theonomy and reconstructionism came to existence in response to dispensationalism. Theonomy, in seeking to map a way for Christians to become engaged in society by applying the Old Testament, fails in its reading of the Old Testament. The solution is not in theonomy, but in understanding the sovereignty of Christ and the implications it has for the Christian life in politics.
This article looks at the arguments supporting theonomy, showing that the use of the law by theonomists - who devide ceremonial, civil and moral law - is not supported by scripture. Understanding the law through redemptive history means that God's kingdom is experienced through the church, not government.
This article evaluates Christian reconstructionism and its inclination to postmillennialism. In advocating for theonomy, Christian reconstructionism fails to understand that the work of reconstruction is not for the church, but is of Christ. The kingdom will not come through political control, but through the spreading of the gospel.
At the time of the writing of this article, theonomy was a new phenomenon on the church scene in the USA. This article investigates the main premises of the position of the theonomists. In a very narrow sense of the term, theonomy holds to the abiding validity of the law in its exhaustive details. The views of Greg Bahnsen are noted and discussed.
What does the Reformed tradition teach on the nature and limitations of civil legislation? What are the limits of government? How did the Reformers apply the civil laws of Moses? The essay notes the function of natural law and how the Puritans and Continental Reformers like Zwingli viewed the role of government.