This brief account looks at the period in which Roman civilization ended with the fall of Rome to the barbarians. The subsequent period is known as the Dark Ages, which was short lived as the barbarians were also converted to Christianity, ushering in another historic period that has come to be known as the Medieval period.
The article provides a survey of a Christian thinker of the Middle Ages, Boethius. His contributions to Western civilization in general and to theology in particular are significant. One of the questions he had to address in his philosophical debates was the relationship between foreknowledge and freedom.
John Wycliffe was called the "Morning Star" of the Reformation. What is it that gave rise to him being called that? This article focuses on his life and the social context he grew up in, and the struggle he faced within the Catholic Church.
Chapter 1 treats the life and times of Peter Waldo (c. 1140-1217). He was a wealthy merchant who lived in Lyons, France. Waldo learned that he could approach God through the Mediator, Jesus Christ. Some of Waldo’s followers worked to spread the gospel and were persecuted. A remnant of his followers were later called “the Waldensians.”
Lollard is a derogatory nickname given to the followers of Wycliffe which describes somone as a 'nobody', without having any academic background. This article focuses on how God used these followers, in the midst of persecution, for His purposes. Their condemnation of certain Roman Catholic Church practices depicts their biblical stance.
It is impossible to understand the history of the church in the Middle Ages without having some idea of monasticism. Monasticism was so much a part of medieval life, that every aspect of the church's life was shaped and formed in the monasteries. This article is about Bernard of Clairvaux (born 1090 in France) and his influence on life in the Middle Ages.
This article is about Anselm of Canterbury, born in 1033 in northern Italy.
This article goes through several common conceptions about the Middle Ages and shows the error in them.
This article gives a biography of the life of John Wyclif. Focus is given to the struggle and opposition he had against the Roman Catholic Church, especially his emphasis on the Lordship of Christ on the church over against the authority of the Pope, and on the role of Scripture in the life of the church and believer.
This article discusses the Third Council of Constantinople, whose purpose was to settle the difference between the Western and Eastern church on their understanding of the nature of Christ's will and power (the technical terms being monoenergism and monothelitism, respectively). The article discusses the Council's setting, purpose, and major characters, as well as the nature and results of the conflict.
This article looks at the life of Columba. Focus is given to his founding of the Iona Monastery and the mission work which was done from this monastery. This article shows that lessons can be learned from Columba, such as learning how God can turn weaknesses to His glory, as well as learning to self-sacrifice.
This article discusses the motivations behind the crusades.