This brief account looks at the period in which Roman civilization ended with the fall of Rome to the barbarians. The subsequent period is known as the Dark Ages, which was short lived as the barbarians were also converted to Christianity, ushering in another historic period that has come to be known as the Medieval period.
The article provides a survey of a Christian thinker of the Middle Ages, Boethius. His contributions to Western civilization in general and to theology in particular are significant. One of the questions he had to address in his philosophical debates was the relationship between foreknowledge and freedom.
Chapter 1 treats the life and times of Peter Waldo (c. 1140-1217). He was a wealthy merchant who lived in Lyons, France. Waldo learned that he could approach God through the Mediator, Jesus Christ. Some of Waldo’s followers worked to spread the gospel and were persecuted. A remnant of his followers were later called “the Waldensians.”