The Hebrew phrase "melek nineveh" ("king of Nineveh") is found in the Old Testament only in Jonah 3:6. This article wants to show that the title is not an anachronism. Why did the author ignore the usual designation "king of Assyria," found thirty times in 2 Kings 18-20? The common custom was to give provincial capitals the same name as the province. This could explain the fact that the book says the "city" was a three-day walk (3:3).
Chapter 1 is an introduction to the book of Jonah. Aspects considered are the date and composition of the book, Israel’s distinctiveness and their covenant infidelity, and the message of the book. Questions for further reflection are at the end of the chapter.