What is justification? It is God crediting the righteousness of Christ to us.
Thielman is convinced that if one is to understand how justification functions in Paul's writings, one needs to understand how the righteousness language functions in Romans 1:17. He argues in this article that part of the reason for the volatile interpretive history of this verse is that the phrase is polyvalent. He further argues that the "righteousness of God” has three meanings in Romans 1:17.
Justification seeks to express the biblical truth that the supreme Judge, who is perfectly righteous, declares that we are in perfect harmony with his law. This is the legal standing of those who believe in Christ.
This is an entry in a theological dictionary on justification by faith.
This article is on the principles of the doctrine of justification as found in the writings of Paul and James.
How is justification possible? This article demonstrates that the biblical ground for justification is found in the perfect righteousness of Jesus Christ and his perfect satisfaction on the cross.
This article outlines the different views on justification that divide the Reformed and Catholics.
The judicial act of God pardoning sinners and declaring them righteous for Jesus's sake is justification. This article explains the relationship between judgement day and justification.
This article shows that in speaking about justification by faith, the Reformers addressed three things: the need for justification, the means to it, and the meaning of it. Then it shows how this view can be distorted.
This article shows that justification is rooted in the work of Christ, through which the believer receives forgiveness of sins, imputed righteousness, and a clear conscience before God.
This article is about the necessity and grounds of justification. Why do we need to be justified, and upon what basis are we justified?
What do Paul and James say about justification by faith? Paul clearly places the doctrine of justification by faith without works at the heart of the gospel. James and the other leaders in Jerusalem agreed with him. But if James taught the same doctrine as Paul, how can he speak as he does in James 2? This article provides an exegesis of this text and its doctrine.
Why was the teaching of justification so important to John Calvin? For Calvin, justification and sanctification are both found in Christ and are inseparable. Justification allows for assurance of salvation, and includes the continual forgiveness of sins. The gift of justification is our only hope in facing judgment day.
Both the Old and New Testament proclaim the message of justification in Christ through faith, which result in good works.
This article is about the supreme court of the universe - the judgment throne of God. It is important that we recognize that 'justify' and 'justification' are legal terms; they concern each Christian's relationship with God as Judge. Justification includes forgiveness of sins and being made righteous through the work of Christ.
This article sees the work of Campbell as a sustained attack against traditional understandings of justification, and in particular the understanding of Romns 1-Romans 4. This review gives special attention to Campbell's own exegesis and finds merit in much of it, but at the key points deems it unacceptable.
This article considers the Protestant saying, "justification by faith alone," especially the nature of justifying faith. The author explains that faith is an act but not a work, yet is never without work. The author also reflects in the sense in which justification can be said to be of works. Finally, the issue of the works of faith that merit reward as indicated in Scripture is also discussed.
Spurgeon begins by defining what justification is, and how it can be distinguished from sanctification. Further, he argues that there must be proper grounds for justification. Then there must also be a means for man to have access to this justification. Finally, this justification when accessed should be manifest.
In this review of the theology of Charles Finney, the author focuses on his doctrine of justification. He takes note of Finney’s strange teaching that justification is a governmental pardon and not a judiciary acquittal. There are also multiple conditions for justification, according to Finney, and not simply faith as the Protestants claim. His view of atonement undermines the centrality of the cross of Christ as the one single act of God in atoning for sin.
This is a review article of the influential The Deliverance of God: An Apocalyptic Rereading of Justification in Paul by Douglas A. Campbell. Moo mainly interacts with what he sees as Campbell's fierce attack on Paul's theology of justification.
In this article, the author provides an overview of the meaning and significance of the doctrine of justification by faith and describes its function within the late twentieth century ecumenical context.
In this volume the author confronts the teaching of N. T. Wright on justification by faith. In the Introduction Piper portrays the view of Wright as “difficult to recognize as biblically faithful.” One of the major concerns is that Wright does not see justification as “how you become a Christian.” Piper formulates eight points in Wright’s reading of Paul that lead to a loss of the historic understanding of justification by faith.
Silva's primary purpose in this essay is to focus on the question of how and why the apostle Paul brings these specific Old Testament quotations together as he does in Galatians 3:6-14. In the process he presents an exegesis of the passage and reflects upon the hermeneutics involved in the New Testament's use of the Old.
Bruce gives a short survey of the function of the doctrine of justification by faith in the Gospels, Acts, and the non-Pauline writings.
According to this article, a shift has occurred in how justification is viewed. The rise of the so-called New Perspective on Paul led to justification being viewed more in corporate terms. What is the place of the individual in Paul's view of justification? Hassler believes that the case that Paul was not really interested in “inner tensions of individual souls and consciences” has been overstated.
In this article N. T. Wright responds to critical questions on his view on justification by faith. For Wright justification is rooted firmly in Jesus himself. He has four preliminary considerations: the question of Scripture and tradition, the issue of Paul’s context and later contexts, the methodological issues of words and stories, and the understanding of Second Temple Judaism.
This article is about justification, how lost sinners share in the saving righteousness of God in Christ. Schreiner is in dialogue with N. T. Wright. First, Schreiner is convinced that Wright wrongly says that justification is primarily about ecclesiology instead of soteriology. Next, Schreiner believes that Wright often introduces a false polarity when referring to the mission of Israel.
According to Bird, the central issue in current discussions with regard to the doctrine of justification is the topic of the imputation of the righteousness of Christ. Bird wants to, in dialogue with the main protagonists, seek a solution that corresponds with the biblical evidence. He first offers a short history of the doctrine of imputed righteousness since the Reformation.
In this Introduction the author reflects on the current debates regarding the doctrine of justification by faith.
This article considers the phrase "justification by faith," with special emphasis on the word "alone." The study starts with a historical perspective, noting the great controversy that the word stirred up between the Roman Catholic and the Reformers. Those who contended against the use of that small word state that the word does not specifically occur with justification in Scripture, and therefore its use amounts to an addition to Scripture.
Seifrid wants to regard Romans 10 as providing an interpretive key to the gospel Paul proclaimed. He further wants to make use of this chapter in Romans to assess the vision of N. T. Wright on justification. He offers exegetical remarks on Romans 10:1-21, which he then uses to make critical remarks about what he understands Wright is teaching about justification.
Indulgences were a denial of the biblical truth around salvation. This article shows how many churches which claim to be reformed preach salvation which depends on works - this isn't any different from the practice of indulgences. The author calls the reader to a correct and reformed understanding of justification.
It is an important Lutheran conviction that if the doctrine of justification by faith falls, everything in our faith falls. This article expounds this conviction.
This article discusses how man can be justified before God. He surveys the concept of justification in the Old Testament, in the Gospels, and finally in the Epistles. The discussion then proceeds to the views of Martin Luther on the subject, citing some problems in Luther’s views. It also looks at Calvin’s much more polished expressions on the subject, and finally reviews the present-day state of opinion on this matter.
The article featured here centres on the doctrine of justification by faith and its place in the life of the church. The article traces the emergence of its prominence in the church of the Reformation. Further, the article considers the need for justification, the meaning of justification (including imputation of righteousness), and faith as the means of justification.
This article reflects on the "Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justificatiion" drawn up by official representatives of the Roman Catholic Church and the Worldwide Lutheran Federation as the fruit of a two-decade dialogue. Dorman first reflects on key portions of the declaration and its supporting documents. Some of the international responses are also examined.
This article breaks down the differences between Paul's and James' use of Genesis 15:6.