Does the traditional antithesis between law and gospel indeed function in the Mosaic covenant? The article gives specific attention to the use of the contrast between the principles of inheritance by works and inheritance by grace through faith. Can it be argued that the Mosaic covenant is in a certain sense a republication of an original covenant of works?
Understanding the relationship between law and gospel is important for the understanding of the relationship between justification and sanctification. This article shows that this understanding is important for a believer's assurance of salvation, for upholding the greatness of Christ's work on our behalf, and for maintaining the pure grace of the gospel.