This chapter provides an introduction to the book of Job. Introductory matters addressed include authorship, date, setting, unity and structure, literary type, purpose and theme, and teaching and preaching of the book.
What do we make of the explanation that Elihu offers for the suffering of Job, since nothing Elihu says seems to come close to describing what happened in the prologue. This article suggests that the account in the prologue is not intended to give a rationale for Job's extensive suffering. The author argues that Elihu's contribution presents a non-retributive reason for Job's suffering, which could mean that ultimately, Elihu's account might be correct.
Often the book of Job is read for a few of its highlights. This article offers seven reasons to read and study the whole book.
The Bible portrays the hostility between God and Satan, but there is also abundant testimony that Satan was subject to God’s control and was used by God to accomplish his purposes. He is indeed represented as a servant of God. This presentation of Satan is explicit in the book of Job. This article looks at how Satan is portrayed in Job and then explores how later biblical texts use this presentation of Job.
Chapter 1 deals with matters of introduction to the book of Job. The book's nature, setting, and place in history are considered. At the end of the chapter are a number of questions for further reflection.
In the section of the chapter we present here, Longman introduces the book of Job. Different aspects of the book are explored. First he deals with the title of the book, its place in the canon, authorship, and date. He then considers the text, language, translation, and genre of the book.
Greek ideas and expressions have exercised an unmistakable influence on the wisdom literature and notably the Greek translation of Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. This paper compares the differences between the Masoretic text and the Septuagint, and forms conclusions on the attitudes of the translator that may have led to differences.