Public policy and faith are often difficult to relate. This essay wants to help construct a biblically informed perspective on matters of public policy as it relates to labour, poverty, and wealth. It offers an analysis of the book of James with attention to passages that deal with the rich and the poor and examines the implications of these Christian public ethics.
To the Reformers all labour was accepted as a calling and performed as unto the Lord. This article maps the path that led the church to embrace the dualistic view of life and forget the implications of the priesthood of all believers. It shows that embracing the call to follow Christ is foundational to understand the theology of work. This is how the church can recover the biblical truth of vocation.
This article looks at the history of labour relations, showing how labour has been shaped by different systems in history, such as communism and capitalism. The author also looks at the question of authority, ownership, labour, and accountability in relations to unions. Examining the model of the covenant, this article shows how Christians can come up with an alternative.
Goudzwaard "...contrasts the concern of modern economic analysis with outcomes measured in terms of economic growth and income per capita, with the emphases of the Old Testament economy for the right treatment of the inputs to the productive process, especially land and labour" (as quoted in Donald Hay, Christianity and the Culture of Economics, 9).