The Heidelberg Catechism cannot be detached from history. If the historical context of this confessional statement is ignored, its special character will not be recognized. Chapter 7 places the Catechism in its historical and theological context. It is compared with the Belgic Confession, the Canons of Dort, and other catechisms. Finally, criticism of the Catechism and the continued relevance of the Catechism are considered.