This article explores the gifts of the Spirit as well as the fruit of the Spirit. The gifts, or charismata, are given to the body of Christ, as discussed in Romans 12 and 1 Corinthians 12-1 Corinthians 14. The fruit, mentioned in Galatians 5:22, are one, and unite the divided life, with a view to the fruit entering the glory of God.
Poythress wants to maintain that modern gifts of the Spirit are analogous to but not identical with the gifts exercised by the apostles. He wants to maintain an exclusive divine authority of the biblical canon. These gifts are still useful to the church; therefore, he seeks a middle way between blanket approval and rejection of modern charismatic gifts.