What does it mean that the final judgment will be according to works? This article analyzes the apostle Paul's different statements about the criteria by which the works of a person are measured in the last judgment. The study concludes that the same criteria applies to believers and unbelievers, i.e., the Torah as fulfilled by Jesus Christ. It is argued that the whole Torah is still valid in the time of the new covenant, but in a transformed and intensified way.
God has a right to call down judgment on his enemies. God hates unrighteousness. In the Psalms, the people of God express this judgment in their songs and prayers. This has nothing to do with personal vindictiveness, but rather foreshadows God's final judgment and is a call to return to God, who judges in righteousness.