How should Christians conduct themselves in the public square? This article focuses upon the Old Testament prophet Amos, and his life, mission, and message and its relevance for Christians in the public square. The author first introduces the concept of the public square and then make use of relevant biographical, geographical and historical facts that are helpful to understand Amos’ prophetic voice in the public square.
The use of Amos 9:11-12 in Acts 15 has been much discussed. Many covenant theologians has seen this text as evidence for the church replacing Israel. Dispensational exegetes treat this text as not relevant for the present age but a reference to a future state of affairs. Hays seeks to follow a third alternative and steer clear of the pitfalls mentioned.
This paper studies the use of Amos 9 in Acts 15. The significance of Gentiles being included in the people of God is reflected upon. He further notes the difference in approach between a dispensational and covenantal reading of the text and its implications for the relationship between Israel and the church.
One aspect of hermeneutics which has provided no lack of scholarly discussion is the question of the interpretation and use of the Old Testament scriptures with regard to New Testament doctrine and practice. Discussion of this topic must consider the way in which the New Testament authors understood and applied the Old Testament.