The way commentators interpret Revelation 13:18 often reveals their exegetical approach to the whole of the book of Revelation. This article is a brief survey of the interpretation of that chapter in the seventeenth and eighteenth century in England]. Interpretations are often a reflection of the times; the mainstream of Protestant interpreters saw in the [[Beast a picture of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church.
Why did Christ suffer? His suffering was part of God's plan before the foundation of the earth. From Revelation 13:8 this article makes its argument.