Can we speak of the "fatherhood of God" in the Old Testament? In this essay, the author confronts the views of Joachim Jeremias on the function of "abba" in the life of Christ and reflects on sonship in the Old Testament.
Why did believers in the Old Testament never address God as "Father"? This article looks at the difference of the Old Testament and the New Testament, as well as the importance of the work of Christ in this regard. The author looks at the passages in the Old Testament where it talks about God as Father, and also what it means that Jesus teaches us to call God "our Father" (in prayer).