The Introduction is a reminder of the historic Synod Utrecht of the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands in 1905 and the contributions of Abraham Kuyper and Herman Bavinck’s theology to the debates at that time. Bavinck’s book on calling and regeneration is placed in its historic and theological context. Four issues were in dispute: supralapsarianism versus infralapsarianism, justification from eternity, immediate regeneration, and presumptive regeneration in connection with infant baptism. Chapter 1 describes the rise and occasion of this controversy.
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