The term “midrash” is frequently used in discussions in New Testament scholarship and research in the Gospels in particular. Unfortunately, there is no unified understanding of its meaning. It can refer to a rabinnic method of interpretation of Scripture. Sometimes it is used as a reference to a creative historiography where there is very little connection to real history.
This article notes a shift in regard to the method concerning the study of the history of Israel (historiography). Previously the tendency was toward the study of theology and literary criticism. Historians entering the discussions now concentrate on socio-economic, anthropological and historiographic issues. The works of B. Halpern, R. Coote, and D.