Romans 9:17-18 has been a key text throughout church history for debates concerning predestination, reprobation, and free will. How should we understand the hardening of Pharaoh's heart? Beale attempts to reflect on these issues through an exegesis of each hardening passage in Exodus 4 to Exodus 14. Only brief comment is made about Romans 9 at the conclusion of the discussion.
Source: Trinity Journal, 1984. 26 pages.