People and actions are often presented in Proverbs in polar extremes—the wise and the foolish, the righteous and the wicked, and actions that lead to honour or shame.
In this chapter Longman introduces the book of Proverbs. Different aspects of the book are explored: it title, canonicity, place and function in the canon, authorship, date, social setting, text, genre (wisdom), literary style, structure, ancient Near Eastern background, Sumerian wisdom, Egyptian instruction, and Akkadian wisdom.
Greek ideas and expressions have exercised an unmistakable influence on the wisdom literature and notably the Greek translation of Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. This paper compares the differences between the Masoretic text and the Septuagint, and forms conclusions on the attitudes of the translator that may have led to differences.
What is the place of the book of Proverbs within Old Testament theology? To many OT scholars this question is a puzzle. This article proposes that Proverbs should be seen in relation to the prophets as true spiritual yokefellows sharing the same Lord, cultus, faith, hope, anthropology, and epistemology. Seen in this way the puzzle is solved.
One of the themes characterizing the book of Proverbs is that of righteousness. What does it mean to be righteous? This article looks at the meaning of righteousness in the book of Proverbs. It shows how righteousness relates to the law of Moses, and how righteousness manifests itself in social life.
Proverbs speaks about Christ by describing the obedience he showed. It shows him to be the delight of the Father, and leads us into following Christ. It is also Christ’s word to his church.